The university is one of the oldest existing institutions, predating both the modern state and the industrial economy. Its impact on modern society has been profound, yet its history remains obscure. This lecture/discussion course comparatively analyzes the development of the university between roughly1800 and 1950 with special emphasis on the historical links between the university and the power of the state and the development of the economy in Western Europe and North America. We will begin by briefly tracing the university¿s medieval European origins and then compare its development in Britain, France, Germany, and the United States over the course of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. We will focus on the important links between European and American universities and on the transformation of the university from an institution charged with educating ecclesiastical, professional and administrative elites to one increasingly devoted to the systematic production of specialized knowledge and training women and men in distinct academic disciplines. In this context, we will analyze the processes that secularized, democratized and professionalized higher education, paying special attention to the resulting tensions: the university as both an elite institution and agent of social mobility; its charge to advance specialized knowledge, yet also to teach broadly educated, responsible citizens; and not least, the university¿s commitment to academic freedom, on the one hand, and the demands of the state and firms for instrumental knowledge, on the other. Related problems explored in this course will include the university and politics, its role in and response to war and economic depression, the impact of authoritarianism, political repression, and immigration, and finally, the role of the university in the creation of the national security state in the early years of the Cold War.
COURSE FORMAT: Lecture/Discussion
Level: UGRD Credit: 1 Gen Ed Area Dept: SBS HIST Grading Mode: Graded
Prerequisites: NONE Links to Web Resources For This Course.
Last Updated on MAR-30-2006
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