College of Social Studies - Newsletter 1997

Table of Contents:


This, our third annual Newsletter, is devoted to a collective portrait of the CSS men and women who have pursued the Law. Much of the work for this issue was done by Jeremy Sacks '91 -- squeezed in after his normal 70 hour work-week. The three month delay in publication is solely due to the Editors.

PK and GTB

Lawyers

The theme of this issue is "CSS careers in the Law." It is composed of two parts. The first is a survey article by Jeremy Sacks which analyzes the returned questionnaires for what they reveal about a CSS education and its utility as a preface to the Law.

The second segment, far longer, is comprised of selections from those questionnaires -- the words of the protagonists themselves! From judge to litigator, from professor to investment adviser, from Nome to Oklahoma City to Charlestown W. VA, from 300-person firm to solo practice, a rich picture is painted. Here you will find discussed trends in the profession, the economics of lawyers' remuneration, the satisfaction of (transitory) Government service, personal fulfillment and community service, self-promotion and self-pity, and great achievement. It is a window into the professional lives of some three hundred CSS men and women.

Unhappily space constraints meant that two-thirds of those who so kindly filled in and returned the form escape without quotation. But nothing is lost-- all of the questionnaires are safely packed in our archives and will be part of the raw material for the next Jeffrey Hays (cf. Jeffrey Hayes, "A History of the College of Social Studies," CSS Honors Thesis, 1991).

Those who did not escape, by order of appearance, are:

Len Edwards '63    Steve Shay '72
Andy Kleinfeld '66 Paul Sheridan '77
Bob Knox '68    Margaret Thomas '78
Bob Davis '69   Laura Holmes '87
Jack Burch '69  Jeff Naness '89
Paul Macri '70   Jeremy Sacks '91

Wally Niemasik '70 

Reunion and the Gift of '72

The CSS Saturday afternoon reunion session (May 31st) was, once again, a most happy gathering. While not quite up to last year's attendance of almost a hundred (the highest ever), at about seventy it was more than ample. Spirits were high, the weather was fine -- if a bit warm -- and, by the grace of God, both Gene Golob and Anne Crescimanno were in attendance.

The highlight of the proceedings was the surprise announcement of a gift from CSS Class of 1972. That class, as you may have heard, in its donation of $4.5 million to the university, breaks all records for a class gift, not only in Wesleyan history but, it is purported, for any undergraduate institution in the United States!

Spearheaded by Tom Wu, CSS alumni and alumnae of that year announced a $75,000 contribution to a prospective $300,000 scholarship endowment in honor of two dumbfounded individuals at that gathering. To wit, Gene Golob and Anne Crescimanno. Generosity on such a scale honoring the College had not been seen before. It was a wonderful and joyful occasion.

Lawyers Analyzed
Jeremy Sacks

In preparing this legal edition of the CSS Newsletter, the College of Social Studies mandarins mailed a survey to all CSSers who graduated from law school after leaving Wesleyan. Analyzing all of the responses to the survey (N=31) might appear rather daunting; it entailed sorting through so many different opinions and war stories. Yet comparing the responses demonstrated that this initial fear was misplaced. Instead of disparate stories and concerns, most were rather similar.

CSSers are well represented in all areas of the law -- private practice, government service, the judiciary, and the law schools, and even in the ranks of ex-lawyers. Turning to the substance of the responses, I should note that Peter Kilby always bemoaned CSS's lack of training in statistical analysis. Thus I will not try to formulate great numerical conclusions by drawing out certain facts from the greater population of former CSSers who have entered the law in addition to the small number that actually answered our survey. Rather, I will just report our findings.

The vast majority of our respondents, to use a legal phrase, entered law school within five years after graduation from Wesleyan. Only one of our respondents entered law school later than that -- 16 years after leaving college. Most respondents decided to go to law school during CSS; a majority of the others decided to go before they entered CSS. By the time of their graduation from Wesleyan, most of our respondents were set on law school -- a rather striking example of CSS as the "pre-law" major at Wesleyan, in the sense that many of our respondents found CSS to emphasize important skills, i.e., writing, critical thinking, that were important in law school and are important in law practice.

When we asked what was the least attractive aspect of law school that reminded them of CSS, and what was the most attractive aspect, answers fell into two categories. Like good CSSers and good lawyers, they interpreted this arguably confusing question to mean what they wanted it to mean. The first, albeit smaller group answered the question in a straightforward manner -- comparing law school's positive and negative aspects with those of CSS. Of the similar aspects that were least attractive, most of these responses cited the emphasis on a one-time performance of a very limited nature as the main basis for one's grade. In law school these were finals; in CSS these were Comps. Other answers included the loud voices that cut off others in group discussion as well as an academic focus too narrow to scope. On the other hand, of the similar aspects that were most attractive, the most common answer by far was the emphasis on collegiality and group learning. Other answers included learning new ways to think and the intellectual rigor of both schools.

The second, larger, group took this opportunity to contrast law school and CSS as institutions. Law school did not fare very well in the opinion of most of the respondents. They described it as competitive, repetitive, and intellectually barren, unlike CSS. One response said that there simply was no critical thinking at law school, only rote memorization. Another respondent agreed: "I found law school to be intellectually shallow compared to CSS and, therefore, quite disappointing. CSS encouraged individual thought in small settings; law school required rote learning in lecture format." Perhaps this attitude is best summed up in the words of one respondent: "I didn't find law school to have any of the positive qualities of CSS. Law School was not academically rigorous, [and] lacked collegiality and beer."

The survey also asked what changes to the CSS curriculum would be helpful in preparation for a legal career. The suggested changes for CSS included a foreign language requirement, constitutional law, more philosophy, the psychology of dispute resolute. Most respondents, however, replied that CSS shouldn't change and that it shouldn't try to be a "traditional" pre-law program emphasizing legal topics. In keeping with the widespread feeling, expressed in the survey results, that law school compares unfavorably with CSS, some CSSers ventured that law school should try to become more like CSS, and not vice versa. Finally, we asked our respondents to address any topics they fancied. Up to this point, the responses were remarkably similar. However, inviting CSS lawyers to write about anything they please was asking for trouble. Of the varied responses we received concerning this last question, topics ranged from tort reform to the pleasures of small-town practice. Most of the responses, however, did contain one common element. These survey answers expressed a continued interest in a life of the mind -- an interest that probably can be traced back to the respondents' pre-Wesleyan days and that continues to make their practices, wherever they are and whatever they entail, interesting for them.

Individual Excerpts

Len Edwards '63 (Chicago '66)
Superior Court Judge; Chicago

I chose the law because I believed it to offer tools for changing society. Working in juvenile and family courts I have faced human problems on a daily basis. Working with the community I have tried to organize services for children and families.

The law has offered me the kinds of opportunities I had hoped it would. My career has been satisfying and I hope to continue working with children, families, and the law in the years to come.

Wesleyan and CSS provided inspiration and opportunities to get a glimpse at social change. Martin Luther King Jr, David Swift, John Maguire and Reverend William Sloan Coffin each appeared on campus and at the CSS to talk about their work in the civil rights movement. My thesis addressed the needs of African Americans who had recently moved from the South to Middletown. The CSS allowed me to choose a topic which had great relevance to me and to my career plans.

Andy Kleinfeld '66 (Harvard'69)
Judge, U.S. Court of Appeals; Fairbanks.

As a judge, I need to have some general historical understanding, and to be able to read treatises and expert reports in economics, political science and sociology. I did not realize when I was in the College of Social Studies that it would be the most useful education for what became my vocation. For that matter, I did not realize that law would become my vocation. At the time, I thought CSS would put me a little behind in terms of specialized knowledge in political science, which I expected to go into, but that it would be worth it because of the pleasure of studying other things, too. My CSS education turned out to be more useful as well as more pleasurable than the alternatives.

Another thing I didn't realize at the time was just how good my life as a solo practitioner in a small town was, as compared with the alternatives. Now that I've become acquainted through former law clerks with lawyers in big firms in California, I am struck with just how much of the good life one has to give up to practice as they do. In practice, small and moderate sized cases tend generally to be more fun than big ones, and it's great to be able to control your office and maintain a reasonable degree of quiet control. There's also a lot of satisfaction, probably more satisfaction, in causing justice to be done in a particular case, than in making a lot of money. So, CSS and my odd ball vocational choice to hang out my shingle in Fairbanks, Alaska -- two lucky bounces I guess. Would I do it again? It's hard to imagine gambling my career on hanging out my shingle in a small subartctic town, so I might be too risk adverse to do it again. But I'm glad I was too imprudent in my twenties to be that careful.

Robert Knox '68 (Stanford '76)
San Francisco

I started out clerking with a Federal District Court judge for one year. Then I worked with two medium-size San Francisco firms. In 1982 I went out on my own very fortunately with most of the clients I had been working with. Since then I had one partner for about 6 years, but otherwise I've been solo. Although I miss the camaraderie of a firm, I don't miss the petty office politics that seems to go along with any group of attorneys (or other co-workers, for that matter). I have enjoyed running my own office immensely. I enjoy the complete freedom of choosing clients, cases, employees, and every other aspect of an office. I have been very fortunate in getting a steady flow of work over the years, weighted about 60/40 in favor of plaintiffs. My pleasure comes from helping clients and undoubtedly that has been enhanced due to my being a sole practitioner.

Robert Davis '69 (Yale '74)
Robinson, Silverman, Pearce, Aaronson and Berman; New York

One of the principal combined benefits of CSS and the practice of law has been the opportunity to become involved in an enormous range of substantive issues. In 20+ years of practice, I've had public sector jobs in criminal justice and municipal land use regulation. In the private sector, I've been an associate at one law firm and a partner in two others. I've worked in matters involving the economics of the beef industry, the death penalty, real estate development, jail overcrowding, historic preservation, law firm dissolution, professional ethics, and on and on almost without limit. The result of all this is that I've almost never felt that I had a "job." I've never been bored, and I've almost never done the same thing twice. Law provides the perfect opportunity for this diversity, and CSS was excellent training, since we were taught to believe we could learn to understand anything.

Jack W. Burtch, Jr. '69 (Vanderbilt '72)
McSweeny, Burtch & Crump; Richmond.

I have practiced labor and employment law since 1973. I still am energized by it because it combines intellectual challenge with human behavior, individual and group. Law practice, however, is becoming more frustrating. Employment and labor "consultants" are eating our lunch but we are inhibited by our codes of ethics from combining disciplines and working together with other professionals (eg. economists, psychologists).

The fax machine has become a curse. Clients want instant wisdom. Some problems have to be thought about and most successful strategies require preparation. Rapid communication has raised client expectations about what lawyers are capable of doing. I wonder if this is a source of burnout among some of our colleagues.

I am very hopeful about the future of our profession. We still represent the independent, objective voice and view in our culture. Legal training allows us to cut to the heart of confusing and complex issues. We function as the guides through the modern maze of ideology, technology and regulation. I would go to law school again.

Paul F. Macri '70 (Maine '76)
Berman & Simmons; Portland

I decided to try to go to Law School in mid- or late 1971. At the time, I was married and living in Philadelphia, working sporadically (and unhappily) as a substitute in the Philly public schools and in other dead end jobs (proofreader, short-order cook, etc.) and being supported by my wife. This was not a good situation, and I decided I had to do something. I took the Law Boards and did reasonably well and decided that I could put off any decision about what to do with my life for another three years by going to Law School, which is what happened.

For the past twenty years I have been a partner in an 18-lawyer firm in Lewiston. We do a state-wide practice in litigation only, chiefly involving personal injury, medical malpractice, and criminal and divorce law. I am the only non-trial lawyer. I handle most of the appeals in the office, as well as major motions at the trial level. I have appeared before the Maine tort law over the years.

My career as a lawyer has been intellectually and personally satisfying. One reason for this satisfaction is that I have been part of changing the law to make it more favorable to the ordinary person. These gains are in jeopardy, however, because in the last few years, our firm and other plaintiff's lawyers have been battling the insurance companies, large corporations, and conservative politicians on the issue of so-called "tort reform." What tort reform really means is that the rich get richer, and the poor continue to get screwed. The single true rationale for limiting recoveries to plaintiffs is to improve the corporate bottom line. There is no social utility in "reforming" the tort system. It doesn't need it. Statistics show that tort filings are down and that torts are not suffocating the courts. If there has been an increase in the volume of cases in court, much of that increase is a result of corporations suing each other, and not of increased tort filings.

Ordinary working-class, blue-collar people only have access to the American judicial system for litigation because of the contingent-fee system. It is as simple as that. Ordinary people cannot afford lawyers any more because they have simply become too expensive on an hourly basis. Therefore, any attempt to limit contingent fees, damages in tort cases, or tort plaintiffs' access to the system will result in fewer tort suits and, ultimately, more money in the coffers of corporations and insurance companies, large and small.

Frivolous law suits and other abuses of the system exist, but, like welfare fraud, in such small amounts that they are insignificant to the operation of the system. Responsible plaintiff's lawyers carefully screen their cases, throwing out many more than they take. This self-selection minimizes frivolous law suits.

Walter Niemasik, Jr. '70 (Georgetown '73) (Stanford MBA '82)
Snyder Capital Management, San Francisco

I went to Law School because half of my CSS class did. I hated Law School and eventually the practice of Law (Anti-Trust Division of Justice, then a Washington law firm). I am now a partner in an investment management firm in San Francisco.

The practice of law needs to be based on a compensation system radically different than the current "hourly wage." It would, probably, speed up the resolution of cases and make lawyer's lives more rewarding as they would not feel compelled to work 80+ hour weeks.

Stephen Shay '72 (Columbia '76)
Ropes & Gray; Boston

After an undistinguished law school career at Columbia Law School and a slow start in private practice (at the New York law firms Reavis & McGrath (since merged with Fulbright & Jaworski) and Coudert Brothers), I found that I liked international tax law and had the opportunity to serve in the Treasury Department's Office of International Tax Counsel for five years participating in the formulation of tax policy and its implementation in legislation and regulations. I stayed on at the Treasury longer than the usual two year stint because I became involved in developing the international provisions of the Tax Reform Act of 1986. Indeed, the importance of this legislation over the three years of its development and passage virtually required that insiders be promoted. By 1986 I was named the Treasury Department's International Tax Counsel and had a wonderful post from which to observe and participate in the back room legislative process as well as in the IRS's administration of the tax law.

I followed my wife to Boston to her first full-time academic position at Wheaton College. So did I arrive at Ropes & Gray. Ropes is a very successful firm over a long history that extends far earlier than any living partner. Its system of compensating the partners (dividing up the pie) recognizes both that many clients were at the firm before any partner started practicing law and the need for a modern law firm to bring in new clients. The compensation system, which is determined entirely by a seven member policy committee, encourages collegiality and helping other lawyers, not just rainmaking. It is simply wonderful to be able to freely tap the brains of the other partners and lawyers and give advice in return.

Part of the freedom accorded partners is the ability to engage in a reasonable amount of nonbillable activity. This has permitted me to continue to have a significant involvement in policy issues through projects for the American Law Institute and the American Bar Association. On occasion, when asked, I consult on an informal basis with the Treasury Department. All of this takes time away from working for clients, but I have never heard any objection from my firm or my partners. Other nonbillable work, such as publishing articles or speaking at seminars, probably has more relevance to practice, but may well benefit my ego more than the firm's coffers. Again, my choices regarding the allocation of my time, and the reasons for them, have never been second guessed.

Paul Sheridan '77 (West Virginia '84)
Senior Assistant Attorney General for Civil Rights, West Virginia; Charlestown

I decided to go to law school while working as a community organizer in the coal fields of southwestern West Virginia. It had been four long years since I graduated from CSS. Surprisingly, I do not remember ever giving much thought to law school while at CSS. Nothing about CSS or my experiences before gave me much reason to be interested in becoming a lawyer. Working with folks who were surrounded by coal mining operations, and were suffering wide-ranging environmental effects, I constantly found myself involved in administrative and judicial battles. I often found myself serving as a bridge between the group members with a stake in the proceeding and the lawyers, who were sometimes more focused on the "issues" than the people. Eventually I decided (a little naively, I now think) that by becoming a lawyer I could bring the two "ends" closer together,

My work for the West Virginia Human Rights Commission involves litigation on behalf of victims of discrimination based on race, sex, age and disability. Most of our cases involve employment, some involve housing and public accommodations.

Margaret Thomas '78 (Harvard '82)
Legal Services; Nome Alaska

My most surprising discovery after practicing law for a few years was that it generally does not provide a great deal of intellectual stimulation. Debates presented in briefs and oral arguments necessarily take place at a superficial level, since the theoretical underpinnings of our legal system rest on logical positivism, a long out-moded paradigm in academe. That's ok as long as you recognize that fulfillment must derive from other sources. In my case, it comes from the joy of helping an otherwise helpless (resourceless) population which generally is sincerely grateful for whatever small success I achieve on its behalf.

The most frustrating aspect of the practice of law from a practical standpoint was the "misfit" between the adversarial legal process and child custody problems. Our legal system is a cumbersome, inappropriate and damaging way to address child custody issues and, indeed, most domestic relations matters. It would be beneficial to all involved if the process were reformed to stress mediation and allow for participation/decision making by more suitably-trained professionals (eg. social workers and psychologists).

Laura Holmes '87 (Oklahoma '91)
The Center for Education Law; Oklahoma City

Several years ago, I had the opportunity to work with a non-CSS classmate from Wesleyan. He lived and worked in D.C. while I was in Oklahoma. At the time, I was living on a 12 acre farm with 4 horses, a labrador retriever, and a few wild critters (raccoons, cats, deer...) During the course of our work together my friend called me at home one evening. It was summertime, and I was on the patio watching the sunset, the horses grazing, and the dog romping. He was still in a high rise office building in D.C., and it was an hour later. That's when I knew that my decision to practice law in a small firm in Oklahoma was the right one.

Approximately two years ago, I experienced first-hand the type of gender discrimination that I hoped I would never have to experience. I had been working with a school superintendent and principal in a fairly small Western Oklahoma school district since November with respect to the possible dismissal of a teacher. We had thoroughly investigated some student complaints and had determined that the teacher had allowed a sexually explicit book, "203 Ways to Drive a Man Wild in Bed," to be brought into her classroom and read by some of her students. I had prepared the various notices, the appropriate agenda items, and the recommendation; I had further interviewed witness and prepared them for their testimony in the hearing to be conducted before the board of education. I had done all of the work and was ready to present the case to the board of education.

Two days before the scheduled hearing, the superintendent informed me that he wanted my older, male boss to represent the administration at the hearing: the superintendent explained that his decision had nothing to do with my abilities but was based on the perception that the board of education would listen to a male better, especially since the charges against the teacher concerned a sexually explicit book.

I was indignant at the unfairness of the situation and furious at the superintendent. It really did not matter to me that the client had the right to choose his legal counsel. All that mattered was that the case was taken from me because of my gender and, in no way, because of my abilities. My indignation ceased only after we had won the case, and the principal with whom I had worked many hours, turned to me and congratulated me on a job well done.

Today I continue to represent Oklahoma school districts, and many are small rural districts with predominantly male boards of education. It is possible that I will again face the effects of gender discrimination, but I am hopeful that, as schools are educated about gender equity and as more women are elected to school board positions, schools will recognize that it is a person's abilities, not gender, that make a successful lawyer.

Jeffry Naness '89 (U. Va '92)
Kaufman, Naness, Schneider, Rosenweig; Melville NY

From the standpoint of liberal learning, CSS allowed me to think critically about important issues in a way that stayed with me. It was also somewhat insulated from the extensive political correctness that distorted discourse in much of Wesleyan.

Jeremy Sacks '91 (Georgetown '94)
Fried, Frank, Harris; Washington DC

As a recent entrant into the profession, I will limit my remarks to the experience of my legal training. It was my hope and expectation that law school would teach new ways of thinking and would provide tools that would help me integrate centuries of creaky case precedent into a cogent argument. I soon realized that law school's instruction in critical thought merely echoed CSS[s, which had already prepared me to tackle legal philosophies and theories. Yet spending so much time trying to teach law students to think necessarily restricted class discussion about the substance of the law, a failing that tended to further shroud legal reasoning in confusion and mystery. Moreover, law school's style -- questioning the logic and the holdings of the cases we read -- made sense if you understood that there may not be an ultimate right answer. CSS drove that point home on a daily basis, and so prepared me for law school. However, when a student is confused by conflicting precedent, as I often was, grasping for a mythical right answer is a natural reaction. The constant thrust and parry of our first year classes, without the time to reflect on the subject and to write about it, often reinforced the rush to find the right answer instead of demonstrating that the law is about argument and interpretation.

Even when we law students realized that there was no right answer, only better answers, our law training led many students to stop taking sides. Instead of arguing from conviction once we understood the points of both sides, our legal education, which emphasized a clever argument and seeing all sides of an issue, stifled the ability of many to come to a conclusion about the merits of an issue. Law exams rewarded us for issue spotting, which consisted of picking out as many legal issues as possible in a given fact pattern and discussing all the possible ways of interpreting them. And interpreting the issues really meant regurgitating the holdings of the key cases. Issue spotting certainly is important in law practice, as it is the basis of much of a practicing lawyer's work. Yet persuasive advocacy is equally indispensable.

Issue spotting and memorization directly contrasts to CSS instruction. Our tutors expected us to choose a point of view and defend it, much like legal argument in practice. CSS valued writing about ideas and rewarded us for taking principled stands, not for mere logical manipulation. In our tutorials, we realized that learning was all about challenging ideas in addition to spotting them, because we were expected to challenge them all of the time and because our tutors took the time to read and comment on our work, relentlessly prodding us to defend our writing. That cycle of writing and commentary did more to instill the spirit of and taste for critical thought than any Socratic slight of hand at law school

In addition to critical thinking and forceful writing, CSS's emphasis on its subject matter prepared me to put the law into perspective. Time and again, especially in my first year, law school presented ripe opportunities to apply what I learned in CSS. Though a constitutional law casebook would cite to a certain text in a "study question," I found that I read the whole book in CSS. This background was important in at least two respects. First, it gave color to the cases we read and allowed me, like the lawyers who argued the case and the court that decided it, to place them in a theoretical or historical context. Second, the interdisciplinary nature of CSS's subject matter made evident the blurring lines between contracts, torts, property, and constitutional law as well as between the law and politics.

With its emphasis on vigorous discussion and paper presentations, CSS spoiled me. At CSS we learned together because our tutorials encouraged us to convince each other that our substantive arguments made sense. At law school, especially in the required courses, we learned from each other to the extent that a fellow student's classroom disaster discussing Erie v. Tompkins taught us to keep our hands down and our heads in our books. Because we learned to listen to each other's ideas in tutorials, in colloquia and late on Thursday evenings, CSS]'s devotion to critical thinking generated a true community, forging academic and social bonds that survive today. Being part of that community made me a better law student and, I think, a better lawyer.

This Year's Senior Class

The CSS graduated 24 students on May 24th. Of these 17 graduated with Honors and one with High Honors. Three students earned Phi Beta Kappa. Andrew Crawford won a $30,000 Marshall Fellowship and Loti Ortiz was awarded one of two Watson Fellowships received by Wesleyan students this year.

To provide an idea of what undergraduates are researching these days, we provide a list of the titles of the theses completed this April:

Hoosier Women Speak: Farm Girls to Working Mothers
Needless Discord: The Debate over the Future of Connecticut's Traprock Ridges
Suburban Utopias: Master Planned Communities in the Post-War Era
Challenge and Response: The New Zealand Political Cycle
What I Did over My Summer Vacation: Citizenship and Girl Scout Camping|
Engaging Paradox: Brandeis, Schumacher, Buber, and the Great Debate
Transforming Development: Feminist Economics and Development Thought
The Police Paradigm
The Self: Moving Beyond the Modern
The Ghost of A Nation
The Growth of Understanding
Forging A New Identity: Wesleyan 1969-1970
The Silent Macarena: Digital Sampling and Copyright Law
Another Voice: Political Activity of African Women in South Africa, 1913-1958
Parables on the Press: Communication and Philadelphia's 1905 Gas Strike
Enlightened Despotism and Raison E'tat
'Realigning Margins'
Social Structure and Neighborhood Initiatives: Two Case Studies

Donations

We continue to build up the trophy closet of books written by our graduates. We are up to 2-1/2 shelves! But we know there are more books out there, particularly those authored by our academic sons and daughters, who have tended to send but one of their tomes. We ask for your forbearance and your continued charity.

What is our purpose? The shear glory of it is one aspect. The shining achievement of our alumni and alumnae. Shelves of books, flanked by a wall of Honors theses, creates an effect, signals a tradition to our students. And there is a prudential aspect. North College, now and in the future, has to make difficult choices as to which programs to curtail so that new initiatives -- Center for the Americas, Gay-Lesbian Studies -- can go forward. As a rather antique program, in the Western ethos of innovation, our best defense is the ability to point to the abiding excellence of what we do -- and its most credible measure is the attainments of our graduates after they leave us.

To this same purpose, your editors have a second request. We wish to create a roster of well-reputed scholarships that our graduates have won. While we would be grateful for information on any such honor you (or any of your CSS classmates that you recollect) have attained, we are beginning with Rhodes, Marshalls, Trumans and Watsons.

From our very partial records we are able to identify three Rhodes (Gayr '64, Ferruolo '71, Shongwe '87), two Trumans (Crawford '97, Foss '95), two Marshalls (Nyongo '95, Foss '95) and one Watson (Ortiz '97). We know there are more, so please help us. Similarly, would those of you who obtained Wesleyan's top award, University Honors, please let us know.

Webpage

Our Webpage is up, or at least the beginning of it. At the moment we have only a ten-page description of the program, primarily of interest for prospective applicants. Hopefully, by the end of the Fall semester, with the help of Albert Tanone '99, we should have many more information sources and a place for Alumni/ae to leave messages. WWW.Wesleyan.edu/CSS

Next Issue

The 1998 issue will be devoted to a portrait of those CSS graduates who have pursued a career in Commerce. In this category we hope to capture those who head shipping lines, culinary institutes and oil drilling concerns. Top management of established corporations, Wall Streeters, consultants and small business owners. In short, all of those in the business world or whose income derives, at least in part, as a residual from risk-taking.

Please indicate on your questionnaire (last page of Newsletter) if you would be willing to help in editing this special issue.

Fundraising at Wesleyan

In the past several years Wesleyan's longstanding record of indifferent alumni participation, indifferent fundraising and slippage in the college rankings (many of whose determinants are tied directly or indirectly to the institution's income) gives evidence of a dramatic reversal. The gifts of Stuart Reid and the Class of 1972 are just the most recent examples. Participation and annual giving is substantially up, and the long awaited "Capital Campaign" is about to be launched. President Bennett, the Trustees and the Development Office are on the move!

Many CSS alumni have over the years supported the university with great generosity. And in some cases they have made their gifts "in honor of" the CSS. But to this editor's knowledge, no alumni gift has ever been "earmarked" for the CSS in such a way that additional resources accrued to the College, in contrast to substituting for existing budgetary support. What the impact of the Golob-Crescimanno scholarship fund -- donated by Tom Wu, Paul Vidich and their colleagues -- will be depends upon how it shall be implemented: if limited to students on financial aid, substitutive; if given solely on merit, additive [perhaps] with its impact on a larger/higher quality applicant pool. And the latter would be a boon indeed.

All gifts to Wesleyan are much needed. And some might wish to argue that the CSS is already reasonably provided for. But this particular tutor -- dismayed to find himself now the longest serving in the College -- reflecting on the future vitality of the institution, is convinced that there is an academic staffing objective deserving of an "earmark." Details supplied upon request.

{Nota bene. This is not a request that you give! Rather it is a bit of information for those already considering such an act. The editors promised this Newsletter would abstain from all exhortation for increased giving, a promise we do not intend to break.}

PK

Questionnaire for those Engaged in Commerce

Please post to:

Guy T. Baehr
125 Rector Street
Perth Amboy, NJ 08861

Name & Year:
Graduate School & Year:
Nature of Business:

Please type a short biography covering anything you would like, but not omitting: your job history before arriving at your current position, aspects of the CSS education that served you well or whose omission has held you back, those aspects of business life that you find most (and least) satisfying, your opinions on needed change in the regulatory environment or public policies.

{Please indicate if you might have an interest in assisting GTB in analyzing and writing up the returns from this survey.}

Thank you very much for taking the time to supply this biographical information. A successful issue depends upon your cooperation.