Early Modern Europe, 1350-1750: From Christian Commonwealth to Sovereign States

Michael Printy • Tuesday, 6:00-8:30 p.m.

Office Hours Tuesday, 8:30pm-9:15pm; Thursday 10:30am-11:30am, and by appointment
Assignments 2 short papers (5-7 pages each)
1 long paper (7-10 pages)
Leading class discussion (2 times)
Grading 20%     Paper 1
20%     Paper 2
40%     Final paper
20%     Participation (leading discussion, attendance)

Course Calendar

  Part I: Before the State
January 27 Overview. Basic Concepts: Legitimacy and Domination

Tilly, "War Making and State Making as Organized Crime"
Max Weber, "The Types of Legitimate Domination," in Economy and Society, pp. 221-301

February 3 Medieval Political Thought

Dante, On Monarchy, p. 3-94
Boniface VIII, Unam Sanctum
Otto Brunner, Land and Lordship, 1-138

February 10 The Reformation I: Luther; The Communal Reformation

Martin Luther, Secular Authority: To What Extent it Should be Obeyed
Radical Reformation Readings
The Twelve Articles of the Swabian Peasants
Peter Blickle, The Revolution of 1525, Chapters 1, 4, 5, 9, 13

Suggested Reading:
Martin Luther, To the Christian Nobility of the German Nation
Blickle, The Revolution of 1525 (entire)

February 17 The Reformation II: Calving, Geneva, and International Calvinism; Social Discipline

Calvin, "The Geneva Ordinances," "The Sum of Christian Life," "The Church," and "Civil Government," from Institutes of the Christian Religion
Roper, The Holy Household

Suggested Reading:
William Bouwsma, John Calvin: A Sixteenth Century Portrait

  Part II: The Emergence of the State and the Political Self
February 24 Sovereignty

Bodin, On Sovereignty, pp. xliii-126

March 2 The Military Revolution

Parker, The Military Revolution
Oesterreich, "The Military Renascence," in Neostoicism and the early modern state
Feld, M.D. "Middle Class Society and the rise of military professionalism. The Dutch Army 1559-1609.

March 5 Paper 1 Due Friday, 3/5
March 6-March 24 Spring Break
March 23 English Reformation and Civil War; Religion and Radical Politics

Walzer, The Revolution of the Saints

March 30 Lecture: Hobbes I: Politics and the Science of the Man

Leviathan, Introduction and Parts I and II

April 6 Hobbes II: The Christian Commonwealth and the Kingdom of Darkness

Leviathan, Parts III-IV, Conclusion

April 9 Paper 2 Due Friday, 4/9
  Part III: The Triumph of the State. New Challenges
April 13 The Thirty Years' War, the Peace of Westphalia, and Absolutism

St. Simon, Memoirs
Pufendorf, On the Duty of Man and Citizen according to Natural Law (selections)
Koselleck, Critique and Crisis, 1-50

Suggested Reading:
Norbert Elias, The Court Society 35-116, 146-213

April 20 England and Great Britain from the Restoration to 1783; Alternative Models of the State, Failed States, and Enlightened Absolutism

Brewer, xiii-34
Gorski, "Disciplinary Revolution from Below in the Low Countries," Chapter 2 in The Disciplinary Revolution, 39-77
Frederick the Great, Political Testament

Suggested Reading:
John Locke, Two Treatises of Government

April 27 Subjects and Citizens: The State on Trial

Rousseau, Social Contract
Koselleck, Critique and Crisis, 51-186

Suggested Reading:
Keith Baker, "Representation Redefined," in Inventing the French Revolution (Cambridge, 1990)
Mark Mazower, "Violence and State," American Historical Review 107:4 (October 2002)
Carl Schmitt, Political Theology