Wesleyan portrait of Joan  Cho

Joan Cho

Assistant Professor of East Asian Studies

East Asian Studies Center, 208

Assistant Professor, Government


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BA University of Rochester
MA Harvard University
PHD Harvard University

Joan Cho

Authoritarianism, democratization, social movements, and authoritarian legacies in Korea and East Asia are primary research and teaching focus for Dr. Joan Cho. Her research on authoritarian regime support, South Korean democracy movement, and electoral accountability in post-transition South Korea are published in Electoral Studies, Journal of East Asian Studies, Studies in Comparative International Development, and Routledge Handbook of Korean Culture and Society. Dr. Cho is also an adjunct fellow (non-resident) at the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) Korea Chair, associate-in-research of the Council of East Asian Studies at Yale University, Executive Secretary and governing board member of the Association of Korean Political Studies, and a 2018-2019 CSIS-USC U.S.-Korea NextGen Scholar.  

Dr. Cho's first book manuscript, Dictator’s Modernity Dilemma: Development and Democracy in South Korea, 1961-1987aims to reconcile two seemingly contradictory views regarding South Korea’s path to modernity and democracy. At first blush, South Korea illustrates the basic premise of modernization theory: that economic development leads to democracy. However, a closer look at the history complicates that idea: Although Korea’s national economy did grow dramatically under the regimes of Park Chung Hee (1961–1979) and Chun Doo Hwan (1980–1988), the political system did not shift continually toward democracy—it first became increasingly authoritarian. The book argues and demonstrates that the structural foundations of modernization had contradictory effects on authoritarian regime stability in the short versus the long term. The book introduces two such structures: industrial complexes and tertiary education. It explains that, developed during Korea’s modernization drive, these structures initially helped bolster the authoritarian regimes of Park Chung Hee and Chun Doo Hwan but later facilitated the anti-regime protests by various social movement groups—most importantly, workers and students—that would ultimately bring democracy to the country. By highlighting the differential impacts of these modernization structures over time, Dictator’s Modernity Dilemma shows how socioeconomic development acted not as a steady pressure toward democracy but as a “double-edged sword” by stabilizing the regimes at first but destabilizing them over time.

Academic Affiliations

Office Hours

TR 10:30AM-12:00PM and by appointment 


Fall 2021
CEAS 206 - 01
Korean Politics Through Film

CEAS 325 - 01
Asian Challenge for Democracy

Spring 2022
CEAS 160 - 01
Social Changes in Korea

CEAS 205 - 01
Social Movements in East Asia