Wesleyan portrait of Jennifer  Tucker

Jennifer Tucker

Associate Professor of History

Allbritton Center, 221

Tutor, College of Social Studies

Associate Professor, Environmental Studies

Allbritton Center, 221

Associate Professor, Science in Society

Allbritton Center, 221

Associate Professor, Feminist, Gender, and Sexuality Studies

Allbritton Center, 221


Visit Professional Website

BA Stanford University
MPHIL Cambridge University
PHD Johns Hopkins University

Jennifer Tucker

Areas of Interest

The varied visual worlds of photographic & cinematic evidence in the fields of science, law, forensic medicine, news reporting, public trials, and the environment throughout history comprise the work of visual historian Jennifer Tucker.

As an historian of 19th- and early 20th-century British society, Tucker’s research interests have ranged from the role of photography in scientific discovery and exploration to photos as tools of law for evidence (mugshots, crime scenes and surveillance) and how cameras in the courtroom have transformed the system. Recently, her work has included a project, “Dangerous Exposures: Photography, Waste and the Chemical Revolution in Victorian Britain”, that traces the historical roots of the use of visual evidence in environmental science and pollution reform, and explores the visual representation in chemical climatology and the presentation of visual exhibits in Victorian courtroom debates over air and river pollution.  The author of over 30 articles and book chapters, editor of 3 theme issue journals, and co-editor of a book series and currently co-chair of the Radical History Review journal's editorial collective, she recently completed the book manuscript for a book about Victorian imposture and photography and is currently completing a new book-length study about the history of facial recognition photography. Recently she talked to David Serlin about museums & public history during Covid-19 in "Guns, Germs, & Public History," in the Journal of the History of Behavioral Sciences.

Jennifer Tucker's page on academia.edu.

Tucker’s first book Nature Exposed: Photography as Eyewitness in Victorian Science explored the debates about photography and visual objectivity in Victorian science and popular culture from astronomy and meteorology to bacteriology and spiritualism. As a Senior Fulbright Scholar in the UK she completed the research on her second book-length project "Facing Facts: Photography, Popular Culture, and Facial Recognition Identity in Victorian Law." This study of Victorian identity and imposture in the new age of photography uses hundreds of photographs, engravings, and other visual materials associated with the high-profile trial to show how photographs and their circulation and commentary upon them shaped the meaning of legal decision making - and how caricatures,  news illustrations and other artistic responses to the Tichborne Claimant trial contributed to its becoming a landmark case in Victorian society and law.  Her latest project is about chemical waste and photography in late Victorian society and an essay on this topic is forthcoming in "Labor Laid Waste," for a special issue of Labor and Working Class History. With Jennifer Mnookin, she is producing a Photography and Law Reader, 1839-Present (Bloomsbury, forthcoming) spanning landmark legal cases where photography and law have tangled in UK and US courts, from debates over moral content and obscenity to surveillance to intellectual property to evidence in the courtroom and photographers' rights to take pictures.

A frequent contributor to newspapers, journals, and radio (e.g. Connecticut Public Radio, iHeartRadio, and BBC Radio 3 ) Tucker is a recognized expert in photography and law, technologies of vision in Victorian art and science, ballooning and spirit photography, 19th-century environmental history, and guns in American culture. Her writings have appeared in major newspapers and magazines including the New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, The Washington PostTime, CNN, The Boston Globe, The Conversation, Inside Sources, Smithsonian Magazine, and more.

Her recent research has brought her to the study of the history, politics, legal history, and visual culture of firearms. The editor of a book on history and British and American gun laws, A Right to Bear Arms? The Contested Role of History in Today's Second Amendment Debate (Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press, 2019), she currently talks with museum curators of firearms collections about narrating guns in history. A 2018 roundtable based on her discussions with technology and art museum curators was published in “Display of Arms: A round-table discussion with curators of firearms in historical museums,” in Technology and Culture. Recent talks focus on the long entangled history of photography, cameras and gun violence including, upcoming in summer 2019, "Arming Society with Cameras: The Interlocked Histories of Camera and Gun Manufacture."

Co-editor of a Radical History Review journal theme issue on “Political Histories of Technoscience” and the forthcoming RHR special issue, "Visual Archives of Sex," Tucker served as editor of a special theme issue of History and Theory on “Photography and Historical Interpretation.” She also has served as Image Editor at the journal History and Technology and currently serves as co-book series editor of the "Photography/History;History/Photography" book series published by Bloomsbury Academic Press.

Jennifer Tucker has been a visiting professor at California Institute of Technology and a visiting scholar at the University of York, Australian National University, Clark Art Institute, Yale Center for British Art, the Science History Institute in Philadelphia, Durham University, Birkbeck College, University of London & the University of Trento (Italy). Her research has been funded by a Public Scholar Award from the National Endowment for the Humanities, the Andrew Mellon Foundation, the Social Science Research Counsel, the National Science Foundation, and the Fulbright Scholar Program.


B.A. Human Biology/History & Philosophy of Science, Stanford University

M. Phil, History and Philosophy of Science, University of Cambridge

PhD, History of Science, Medicine and Technology, Johns Hopkins University



  • Associate Professor of History, Wesleyan University, Spring 2005­–present. (Core faculty member of Feminist, Gender, and Sexuality Studies, and the Science in Society Program; affiliated member of College of the Environment, and tutor, College of Social Studies.)
  • Assistant Professor of History, Wesleyan University, 1998–2005.
  • Andrew W. Mellon Postdoctoral Teaching Fellowship in the Humanities, California Institute of Technology, Fall 1996–Spring 1998.



  • Durham University Residential Research Library Fellowship, Durham University, UK, May 2022.
  • Raquel and Arthur Seidel Fellowship in the History of Intellectual Property and Patents, Science History Institute, Philadelphia, February 2020.
  • Visiting Research Fellowship, Yale Center for British Art, New Haven, January 2020.
  • National Endowment for the Humanities, Public Scholar Award,
  • British Academy-Huntington Library Fellowship, Summer 2011.
  • Curran Fellowship for Study of the Victorian Press, Summer 2011.
  • Faculty Research Fellow, Yale Center for British Art, Fall 2003.
  • National Endowment for the Humanities, Summer Stipend,
  • Social Science Research Counsel/ACLS Dissertation Award, 1993­–94.
  • British Marshall Scholarship, University of Cambridge, 1988-90.



  • Senior Visiting Faculty Fellow, Humanities Research Centre (Theme: “Global Languages”), Australian National University, Canberra, Australia, May–July 2015.
  • Visiting Senior Fellow, The Birkbeck Institute for the Humanities, University College London, Spring 2016.
  • Senior Fulbright Scholar, History of Art Department, University of York, England, January­–July 2014.
  • Senior Research Fellow (External), Photographic History Research Centre, De Montfort University, Leicester, England, 2014­­–17.
  • Hixon-Riggs Senior Visiting Professor of Science and Technology Studies, Harvey Mudd College, Claremont, 2009­–10.
  • Faculty Fellow, The Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute, Fall 2005.



  • Facing Facts: The Tichborne Trial in the Victorian Visual Imagination (completed manuscript, preparing for submission in Dec. 2021).
  • Dangerous Exposures: Photography, Waste, and the Chemical Revolution in Victorian Britain (readying for submission April 2022).
  • Nature Exposed: Photography as Eyewitness in Victorian Science. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2006 (paperback, 2013).

Edited Books  

  • Tucker, co-edited with Margaret Vining and Barton Hacker, A Right to Bear Arms? The Contested Role of History in Contemporary Debates on the Second Amendment (Washington, D.C: Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press and Penguin Books, 2019).
  • Tucker, co-edited with Jennifer Mnookin, The Photography and Law Reader (New York: Routledge, forthcoming).

Edited Journals/Special Issues

  • Tucker, co-ed. with Heike Baur, Melina Pappademos, & Katie Sutton, Radical History Review 142: “Visual Archives of Sex” (in press, appearing Winter 2022).
  • Tucker, co-ed. with Simon Schaffer & David Serlin. Radical History Review 127: “Political Histories of Technoscience” (Winter 2017).
  • Tucker, guest editor, History and Theory 48: “Photography and Historical Interpretation” (Dec. 2009).


  • “Guns, Germs, and Public History: A Conversation with Jennifer Tucker,” Interview by David Serlin, in Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences 57 (1) Special Issue: Going Public: Mobilizing, Materializing, and Contesting Social Science History, Alexandra Rutherford (Winter 2021). [Published online on July 7, 2020]
  • Dangerous Exposures: Work and Waste in the Victorian Chemical Trade,” International Labor and Working-Class History 95 (July 2019): 130-165.
  • “Photography/Science/Wonder,” Focal Plane: A Journal for Photographic Educators and Students 8 (Spring 2019): 18-23.
  • Display of Arms: A Roundtable Discussion about the Public Exhibition of Firearms and Their History,” Technology and Culture, Vol. 59, Issue 3 (July 2018): 719-769.
  • “Editors’ Introduction,” Radical History Review 127: “Political Histories of Technoscience” (Winter 2017): 1-12, with Simon Schaffer & David Serlin.
  • “‘To Obtain More General Attention for the Objects of Science’: The Depiction of Popular Science in Victorian Illustrated News,” Historia Scientiarum: International Journal of the History of Science Society of Japan, 25-3 (2016): 190-215.
  • “Science Institutions in Modern British Visual Culture: The British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1831-1931,” Historia Scientiarum: International Journal of the History of Science Society of Japan, Vol. 23, no. 3 (2014): 191-213.
  • “Close Ties: The Railway Station and Photographic Networks,” Photoworks: Photography, Art, Visual Culture 21: Collaboration (2014): 168-173.
  • “Marvels to Spectacles: Photographic Exploration and ‘The First Glimpse’,” Aperture 21: Curiosity (Summer 2013).
  • “Eye on the Street: Photography in Urban Public Spaces,” Radical History Review 114: Walkers, Voyeurs and the Politics of Urban Space (Fall 2012): 7-18.
  • “The Hidden World of Science: Nature as Art in 1930’s American Print Advertising,” Spontaneous Generations: A Journal for the History and Philosophy of Science 6:1 (Fall 2012): 90-105.
  • “‘Let the Microscope Tell Your Story’: Philip Gravelle and the Neglected Industrial and Advertising Contexts of Ultra-Microphotography, 1920-1940,” PhotoResearcher 17 (Spring 2012): 19-32.
  • “Visualizing Darwinian Revolution: Review Forum,” Victorian Studies 52:3, (Spring 2010): 441-448.
  • “Entwined Practices: Engagements with Photography in Historical Inquiry,” co-authored with Tina Campt, History and Theory 48 (December 2009): 1-12.
  • “Objectivity, Collective Sight, and Scientific Personae,” Victorian Studies 50: 4 (2008): pp. 648-657.
  • “The Historian, the Picture and the Archive,” Isis 97 (March 2006): 111-120.
  • “‘Voyages of Discovery on Oceans of Air’: The Image of Science in an Age of ‘Balloonacy,’” Osiris 11: Science in the Field (1996): 144-176.

 Book Chapters

  • “Home on the (Firing) Range: Hollywood, Gun Culture and the ‘Old West’ Reenactment in Cowboy Shooting,” in Reenactment Case Studies: Global Perspectives on Experiential History, eds. Vanessa Agnew, Juliane Tomann, and Sabine Stach (New York: Routledge, in press).
  • “Foreword,” Hybrid Photography: Intermedial Practices in Sciences and Humanities, ed. Sara Hillnhütter, Stefanie Klamm, Friedrich Tietjen (New York: Routledge, April 2021).
  • “Magical Attractions” Lantern Slide Lectures at British Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Meetings, ca. 1850-1920,” in The Magic Lantern at Work: Connecting, Witnessing, Experiencing and Persuading, Martyn Jolly and Elisa de Courcy (New York: Routledge Studies in Cultural History, 2020), pp. 67-87.
  • Making Looking: Lantern Slides in British Science,1850-1920,” in Sarah Dellmann and Frank Kessler (eds.), A Million Pictures: Magic Lantern Slides in the History of Learning (Utrecht: John Libbey Press, 2020).
  • “Introduction,” A Right to Bear Arms? The Contested Role of History in Contemporary Debates on the Second Amendment, co-ed. with Bart Hacker and Margaret Vining (Washington, D.C: Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press, with Penguin Books and Barnes and Noble, 2019).
  • “A View of the Ocean, Between the Tropics (1765-1800),” in Martina Droth and Nathan Flis, eds, Britain in the World: Highlights from the Yale Center for British Art (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2019), pp. 64-67.
  • “Photography in the Making of Modern Science,” Handbook of Photography Studies, ed. Gil Pasternak (London: Bloomsbury Academic Press, 2019), pp. 235-254.
  • “Visual Ecologies,” in Marvin Heiferman, ed. Seeing Science: Photography, Science and Visual Culture (New York: Aperture, 2019).
  • “Popularizing the Cosmos: Pedagogies of Science and Society in Anton Pannekoek’s Life and Work,” in Chaokang Tai, Bart van der Steen, and Jeroen van Dongen (eds), Anton Pannekoek (1873-1960): Ways of Viewing Science and Society (Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 2019), 175-197.
  • “Visual and Material Studies,” in Sasha Handley, Rohan McWilliam, and Lucy Noakes, (eds.) New Directions in Social and Cultural History (London: Bloomsbury Academic Press, 2018), pp. 129-42.
  • “Photographic Migrations: The Tichborne Claimant, Popular Archives, and the ‘Evidence of Camera Pictures,’” in Kelley Wilder and Gregg Mitman, eds. Documenting the World: Film, Photography and the Scientific Record (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2016), pp. 22-44.
  • “‘Famished for News Pictures': Mason Jackson, The Illustrated London News, and the Pictorial Spirit,” in Jason E. Hill and Vanessa R. Schwartz, eds. Getting the Picture: The History & Visual Culture of the News (London: Bloomsbury Academic Press, 2015), pp. 215-220.
  • “Foreword,” Ashgate Research Companion on Victorian Spiritualism and the Occult, Tatiana Kontou and Sarah Wilburn (Aldershot: Ashgate, Fall 2012): xiii-xv.
  • “The ‘Social Photographic Eye,’” in Brought to Light: Photography of the Invisible, ed. Corey Keller (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2008).
  • “Gender and Genre in Scientific Photography, in Ann Shteir and Bernard Lightman, eds, Figuring It Out: Visual Languages of Gender in Science (University of New England Press, 2006), pp. 140-163.

Works in Progress

  • “‘Over London at Night’: Gasworks, Ballooning and Seeing the Thames," British Art Studies: "Thames River Works: Art, Industry, and Environment"(in preparation)
  • “Objectivity,” in The Art Institute of Chicago Field Guide to Photography and Media, ed. Antawan Byrd and Elizabeth Siegel (Chicago: Art Institute of Chicago, in press.)
  • “Introduction,” American Historical Review: Roundtable Review Forum on Photography and Visibility in African History, eds. Patricia Hayes and Gary Minkley, American Historical Review (in press for publication December 2021.)
  • "Editors' Introduction: "Visual Sex: Collecting, Curating, Archiving," Radical History Review 142 (Winter, 2022, in press).
  • Victorian Review 48:1, upcoming Forum on “Victorian Photographs” (forthcoming, Jan. 2022).

Book and Film Reviews

  • Film Review: “One Night in 2012” (2016), Nationalities Papers, Vol. 46, Issue 2 (January 2018).
  • Engines of Truth: Producing Veracity in the Victorian Courtroom, by Wendie Ellen Schneider, reviewed for Journal of British Studies (October 2017): 925-27.
  • Meeting Places: Scientific Congresses and Urban Identity in Victorian Britain by Louise Miskell (Ashgate, 2013), for Victorian Studies (Spring 2016).
  • Family Secrets: Shame and Privacy in Modern Britain, by Deborah Cohen (Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press, 2013), for History: Reviews of New Books, vol. 44, no. 1 (January 2016): 19-20.
  • The Sympathetic Medium: Feminine Channeling, The Occult, and Communication Technologies, 1859-1919, by Jill Galvan, for Technology and Culture 53 (January 2012): 213-
  • The Civil Contract of Photography (MIT Press, 2008), by Ariella Azoulay, American Historical Review 116, no. 1(February 2011): 141-142.
  • Medicine’s Moving Pictures, L. Reagan, N. Tomes, and P. Treichler. Bulletin of the History of Medicine, vol. 83, no. 3 (Fall 2009): 639-640.
  • The Tichborne Claimant: A Victorian Sensation, by Rohan McWilliam. American Historical Review 113 (June 2008): 906 907.
  • Predicting the Weather: Victorians and the Science of Weather, by Katharine Anderson. Annals of Science.
  • The Long Sexual Revolution: English Women, Sex and Contraception, 1800-1975, by Hera Cook. Bulletin of the History of Medicine, 79 (Spring, 2005): 842-843.
  • African-American Pioneers in Anthropology, by Ira E. Harrison and Faye V. Harrison. Isis (June 2004).
  • Nature’s Government: Science, Imperial Britain, and the “Improvement’ of the World, by Richard Drayton. Journal of Colonialism and Colonial History 2:2 (Fall 2001).
  • Nature’s Museums: Victorian Science and the Architecture of Display, by Carla Yanni. Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, Vol. 60 (March 2001).
  • Science Incarnate: Historical Embodiments of Natural Knowledge, by Christopher Lawrence and Steven Shapin, eds. Victorian Studies 42 (2000): 497-499.
  • Empire’s Nature: Mark Catesby’s New World Vision, by Amy R.W. Meyers and Margaret Beck Pritchard. Journal of Garden History 20/3 (2000):  259-260.


 Monograph Series Co-editor

Academic Journals Co-editor

  • Editorial Board Member, Radical History Review, 2011–present (Co-Chair, with Jason Ruiz, 2017–21.)
  • Editorial Board Member, Journal of the Material and Visual History of Science (https://brill.com/view/journals/nun/nun-overview.xml) (2021­­–present)
  • History and Technology’s quarterly “Image” feature (quarterly 2,000-word peer-reviewed essays on visual history of technology), 2011–19 (Co-editor, with Smithsonian NASM curator Martin Collins, 2017–19.)






  • Advisory Committee Member, Pacific Standard Time: Art x Science x LA initiative, a series of exhibitions and public programs scheduled to open in 2024 on the topic of The Future in Our Past: Visualizing Human Evolution, 1850 to the Present. Los Angeles County Museum of Art, the Getty, and Lucas Museum of Narrative Art.
  • Advisory Board Historical Consultant, Catalyst Chemistry Museum, England, 2019–present.
  • Advisor, Museum of Boulder (Colorado), "The Roots of Our Violence: Confronting an Enduring Legacy in the West," planning phase.
  • Exhibition script reader for 2019 Cody Firearms Museum renovation, Buffalo Bill Center of the American West, Cody, Wyoming, Spring 2019.
  • Advisor to Up in Arms, a multi-media group show presenting a number of perspectives on the image and impact of guns in contemporary culture at the Cecile and Ezra Zilkha Gallery of Contemporary Art, curated by Prof. Susanne Slavick (Carnegie Mellon University), October, 2017.
  • Advisor to “Framing and Being Framed: The Uses of Documentary Photography,” Zilkha Gallery, Wesleyan University, Fall 2008.
  • Advisor to The Photograph and the Book exhibit, Olin Library, Wesleyan University, Fall 2008.



  • Panel speaker, conference organized by The University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China on “New Perspectives on the History of British Science from the 17th to the 19th Centuries” (May 29­–30, 2022).
  • Keynote lecture at the Interdisciplinary Nineteenth-Century Studies (INCS) conference, University of Utah, Salt Lake City (March 24­–27, 2022).
  • Panelist, "Salt, Sea, & the Arctic," for the panel "Photography and Slow Violence," College Art Association meeting, Feb. 16-19, 2022.
  • Invited guest presenter, Innovation Law and Policy Workshop [Profs. Simon Stern & Mary Mitchell], Faculty of Law, University of Toronto, Nov. 30, 2021.
  • "Science & New Media: Projecting Visual Stories about the Universe," for the "Thinking with Scientific Instruments: Explorations in the Material History of Science and Technology" Symposium, Yale MacMillan Institute & Peabody Museum of Natural History, October 2, 2021.
  • Invited panelist, Symposium on "The 2nd Amendment at the Supreme Court: '700 Years of History' and the Modern Effects of Guns in Public," hosted by the UC Davis Law Review & UC Davis School of Law, Davis, CA, October 1, 2021.
  • Plenary Lecture, Hurter & Driffield Memorial Distinguished Lecture of the Royal Photographic Society, London (September 26, 2021). (Postponed to Sept, 2022)
  • Plenary lecture, Mid-Atlantic Conference on British Studies, College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, Virginia, April 18, 2020 (postponed to 2022).


  • “‘From Chile to Picadilly:’ The curious story of how a Daguerreotype made in Santiago in 1853 became a global icon,” Institute of the Americas, Congress, Paris (September 23­–25, 2021).
  • “Dangerous Exposures,” Research presentation, Consortium for the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine (September 17, 2021).
  • "The Tichborne Trial in the Victorian Visual Imagination," Stedman Memorial Plenary Lecture, Midwest Victorian Studies Association (MVSA) annual meeting, Loyola University, Chicago, Ill. (May 21, 2021).
  • “History of Photography in the Sciences,” workshop presentation, Wissenschaftsgeschichte/History of Science, Institute of Philosophy, University of Regensburg, Germany [Online] (May 12, 2021).
  • Presenter, Department of Humanities, Università degli Studi di Trento, Trento (UNITN), Italy: “The Politics of Truth and Falsity: Tracing Photography and Victorian Mental Sciences through Literature, Medicine and Law” [Online] (April 15, 2021).
  • Adventures of Victorian Aeronauts,” “Profs and Pints,” [Online] (March 28, 2021).
  • American Philosophical Society/Science History Institute brown bag lunch series, “Collecting the Future: Photography, Waste, & the Industrial Revolution,” (February 11, 2020).
  • Yale Center for British Art “Art in Context” Gallery Talk, “The Tichborne Impostor: Print Culture, Visual Law, and the Reinvention of Self in the Victorian World,” (January 28, 2020).
  • Beinecke Library Visiting Scholars Research Brownbag Lunch Presentation, Yale University (January 27, 2020).
  • Environmental Humanities Breakfast Conversation, Yale Environmental Humanities Program (January 24, 2020).
  • University of Connecticut History of Science Reading Group (December 5, 2019).
  • Wesleyan University Center for the Humanities public lecture: “Collecting the Future by Re-Imagining Visual History” (November 11, 2019).
  • “Living with Machines,” plenary lecture, Science Museums Research Group (Science Museum, Natural History Museum, Victoria and Albert Museum) (England) (November 5, 2019).
  • Kavli Conversations on Science Communication at the Arthur L. Carter Journalism Institute, New York University: live-streamed, interactive webcast panel discussion with Wall Street Journal science journalist Robert Lee Hotz and photographer Lynn Johnson: Moving Images: A Conversation on the Power of Photography (October 29, 2019).
  • Book panel discussion with Mark Frassetto and Saul Cornell to mark the release of A Right to Bear Arms? Book Culture, New York City (October 24, 2019).
  • History, Theory & Criticism Forum, Department of Architecture, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (October 22, 2019).
  • “Health Hazards of Victorian Photography,” History Department, Brown University (September 26, 2019).
  • Keynote, “The Business of Photography” at conference, Photographic History Research Centre, DeMontfort University (UK), “Arming Society with Cameras: The Interlocked Histories of Photography and Gun Manufacture and Mass Advertisement” (June 17–19, 2019).
  • Public Speaker, History and Theory of Photography Research Centre, Birkbeck College, University of London: “Load, Point, and Shoot: Guns and Cameras and the Black Boxes of History” (March 26, 2019).
  • Speaker, Centre for Museum Cultures, Birkbeck College, University of London, “Exhibiting History of Firearms in Museums: UK v. US Perspectives” (March 25, 2019).
  • Speaker, “Relating Difference(s): Migrating Subjects, Inter-Cultural Exchanges, Literary Formations” International Symposium, University of Trento (Italy): “British Baronet - or Australian Outlaw? Inter-cultural Exchanges, Narratives of Difference, and Contested Identities in the Celebrated Tichborne Claimant Affair” (March 21­–22, 2019).
  • Presenter, Harvard Law School, hosted by Jill Lepore (February 12, 2019).
  • Presenter, Department of the History of Science, University of Oklahoma, “Victorian Environmentalism and Labor History” (February 1, 2019).
  • Presenter, "Dangerous Exposures: Work and Waste in Victorian Photography and the Chemical Trades,” Department of Art History and Communication Studies, McGill University (Canada): (November 15, 2018).
  • Keynote, Conference on “The Magic Lantern in Australia and the World,” Australian National University (September 4­–8, 2018).
  • Keynote, “Arsenals of History” conference, Cody Firearms Museum, Buffalo Bill Museum, Cody, Wyoming: “Exhibiting History of Firearms in Museums” )May 21-23, 2018).
  • Invited speaker, Centre for Arts Doctoral Research Excellence, University of Warwick (UK), “Interdisciplinary Research, Academia, and the Wider Public” (June 7, 2018).
  • Keynote, “Cultural Histories of Air and Illness” conference, University of Warwick (UK), “Dangerous Exposures: Work and Waste in the Victorian Chemical Trade” (June 7–9, 2018).
  • Invited speaker, History of Medicine Institute, Johns Hopkins University, Colloquium Speaker, “Chemical Exposure: The Victorian Akali Industry and the Future of Photography” (October 5, 2017).
  • Keynote, “After Post Photography” conference, The European University (Russia), “New faces of privacy: Trans-Atlantic historical and legal perspectives on the circulation of facial images in the media, 1870-1970” (May 18, 2017).
  • Invited speaker, “Visual Ecologies” conference, California Institute of Technology, “Picturing Pollution: Photography in Environmental Law Suits in Victorian Britain” (May 11­–12, 2017).
  • Invited speaker, The Mellon-Sawyer Seminar, University of Southern California, “Picturing the Past: The Nineteenth-Century” (March 20, 2017).
  • Invited speaker, Modern British History seminar, Columbia University (February 23, 2017).
  • Invited speaker, Paul Mellon Art Centre (England): “Humphrey Jennings’ ‘Pandaemonium’” (November 30, 2016).
  • Invited speaker, Center for History of Science, Technology, and Medicine, University of Manchester (UK), “Imagining the Future, Collecting the Past” (November 22, 2016).
  • Invited speaker, Visual and Material Cultures Seminar, The Pitt Rivers Museum, University of Oxford (UK) (November 11, 2016).
  • Invited speaker, Centre for Humanities Research, University of the Western Cape (South Africa), “Contemporary History and Humanities” (October 18, 2016).
  • Keynote, Centre for Humanities Research, University of the Western Cape (South Africa), “Visual Gateways” (October 21­–22, 2016).
  • Keynote, First International LYNX Center for the Interdisciplinary Analysis of Images Conference, Institute for Advanced Visual Studies (Italy) (June 22-25, 2016).
  • Invited speaker, Centre for Advanced Visual Studies, University of Durham (UK), “Historical Narrative and Victorian Visual Culture” (June 7, 2016).
  • Invited speaker, Centre for Modern and Contemporary History, University of Birmingham (UK), “Photography and Writing History” (March 23, 2016).
  • Public lecture, Birkbeck Institute for the Humanities (UK), “Picturing Modernization: Vision, Modernity, and the Technological Image in Humphrey Jennings’s Pandaemonium” (March 9, 2016).
  • Invited speaker, 50th year anniversary of the Humanities and Social Sciences Division at the California Institute of Technology (February 23, 2016).
  • Presenter, History of Art Department, Yale University, 18th and 19th century Art and Visual Culture Colloquium (February 22, 2016).
  • Invited speaker, History of Art Department, University College London, “New Directions in Photographic History Research” (February 11, 2016).
  • Plenary lecture, Institute of Advanced Studies, The University of Western Australia, “The Photograph from Wagga Wagga That Changed British Law” (May 28, 2015).
  • Invited speaker, Humanities Research Centre, Australian National University, “New Visual and Material Approaches to the Study of Global Language” (May 19, 2015).
  • Invited speaker, “Popularizing Science East and West” symposium, hosted by the Department of the History and Philosophy of Science, University of Tokyo (March 26­–29, 2015).
  • Keynote speaker, “Hybrid Photography: Inter-medial Practices in Science and Humanities since 1800,” Humboldt University (Germany), “Going Viral: How Popular Media Changed Scientific Photography” (February 19-21, 2015).
  • Keynote speaker, The State Hermitage, Petersburg, Russia: Conference on Current Research in Photographic History” (November 18–20, 2014).
  • Invited speaker, Department of Art History, European University at St. Petersburg (Russia) (November 17, 2014).
  • Keynote speaker, Annual Conference of the Photographic History Research Centre, “Exchanging Photographs, Constructing Knowledge,” De Montfort University (England) (June 21, 2014).
  • Invited speaker, Institute of Historical Research (England) (June 19, 2014).
  • Invited speaker, Department of History and Philosophy of Science, Leeds University (England) (June 4, 2014).
  • Invited speaker, “The Impact of Science Institutions on Victorian Visual Culture,” Department of History and Welsh History, Aberystwyth University (Wales) (May 21, 2014).
  • Invited speaker, “Victorian Comic Images, Law and Social Order,” Victoria and Albert Museum (London) (May 13, 2014).
  • Invited speaker, “‘The Biggest Man in England’: Photographic Celebrity,” Department of History of Art, University of York (England) (May 12, 2014).
  • Invited speaker, “The BAAS and British Visual Culture,” Department of History and Philosophy of Science, University of Cambridge (UK) (May 8, 2014).
  • Invited speaker, “Caricature and the Social Order: Reading Popular Prints, 1850-1880,” Literature and Cultural History Research Seminar, Liverpool John Moore University (March 18, 2014).
  • Invited speaker, Birkbeck Joint Forum for Interdisciplinary Studies in the Nineteenth-Century and Photographic History Workshop, Birkbeck College, University of London (March 4, 2014).
  • Invited speaker, “Historians and Photographic Evidence,” Photographic History Graduate Seminar, Department of History of Art, University of York (England) (February 28, 2014).
  • Invited speaker, “Technology Studies, Feminist Studies, and Visual Culture,” Women’s Union, Pomona College (October 14, 2009).
  • Public Gallery Talk (“Art in Context”), “The British Artist-Naturalists at Sea: Depicting Salt-Water Fish in the Eighteenth-Century Atlantic World,” Yale Center for British Art (April 10, 2009). 
  • Public Lecture, “Charles Darwin and Victorian Visual Culture,” University of Connecticut-Avery Point (February 10, 2009).
  • Invited speaker, “Brought to Light: Photographs of the Invisible, 1840-1900,” San Francisco Museum of Modern Art (December 14, 2008.)



  • Organizer, "Law and New Media Technologies, From Print to Digital" (Huntington Library and Art Collections, San Marino, CA), Sept. 16-17, 2022.
  • Co-organizer, After Post-Photography conference: “Photography’s Future Present,” European University at St. Petersburg (Russia), June 4-5, 2021.
  • Guns in History, American Historical Association Annual meeting (January 3, 2020).
  • Shasha Seminar, “Guns and American Society,” Wesleyan University, Oct. 27-28, 2017. A two-day seminar convened national experts including Wesleyan alumni, from different fields to examine the contemporary state of guns in American history, society, law, museums, and politics.
  • Firearms and the Common Law Tradition, The Aspen Institute (September 14–15, 2016).
  • Visual Studies and the Liberal Arts, Smith College, (May 2-3, 2014). The conference brought together twenty-five liberal arts faculty and focused on the topic of “Visual Studies across the Curriculum.” Co-organized with Prof. Laura Kalba, Smith College, with support from an Advance Liberal Arts Colleges (AALAC) grant.
  • “Science a Moving Image,” Hixon-Riggs Public Forum for Responsive Science, Technology and Society, Harvey Mudd College (Spring 2010). A series of talks, roundtables, and film screenings that brought together scientists, filmmakers, writers, movie industry specialists, and scholars to explore the many ways in which science’s moving images interact and intersect, from films used as scientific data to scientific documentaries to the incorporation of scientists and scientific themes in contemporary media.
  • Eye of History: The Camera as Witness,” Wesleyan University (2008­–09). A year-long series of exhibitions, seminars, talks, and films that explored questions about photography and its role in historical memory and public life.

Seminar Leader:

  • Working Papers/graduate student researchers, After Post-Photography conference: “Photography’s Future Present,” European University at St. Petersburg (Russia) (June 3, 2021).
  • "Photography and the Archives of Truth, Counter-Memory, and Investigation," Midwest Victorian Studies Association, Loyola University [Online]. Working Papers (May 22, 2021).

 Conference Participant:

  • Respondent, History of Photography special issue on “Photography and Policing,” eds. Zeynep Devrim Gürsel and Jason Hill (June 24­–25, 2021).
  • Chair, "The Ages and Ageing of Photographs," After Post-Photography, Moscow, June 4, 2021 [Online.]
  • Conference presentation, “Photography at the Nexus of Science and Industry.” Photo: Science/ Photography and Scientific Discourses, Institute of Art History, The Czech Academy of Sciences (November 3–December 2, 2020).
  • “Photography and Surveillance” Workshop, Center for Cultural Analysis, The Developing Room, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, N.J.: "New faces of privacy: Trans-Atlantic historical and legal perspectives on the circulation of facial images in media, 1890-1940” (November 5, 2020).
  • Panelist, Yale Law School: “The Uses and Abuses of History in Second Amendment Cases” (January 21, 2020).
  • Presenter, Lewis Walpole Library/Yale Law School mini-conference: “Trial by Media: The Queen Caroline Affair (1820)” (October 4, 2019).
  • Panelist, Oxford University: Historians’ Roundtable: British, Irish, and American History and Second Amendment Adjudication, Pembroke College, University of Oxford (July 9, 2019).
  • Presenter, Yale Environmental Humanities Workshop: “Aerial Imagination” (April 26-27, 2019).
  • Panelist, American Society for Environmental Society 2019 Conference, “Weapons of Mass Pollution: Health, Hazards, and the British Environment, 1850-1950” (April 13, 2019).
  • Chair, National Council on Public History annual meeting, “Interpreting Firearms in Museums in the 21st Century” (March 27-30, 2019).
  • Panelist, Conference on “Visual Plague: Image, Imagination, & Imaginary,” an interdisciplinary research project led by social anthropologist Dr. Christos Lynteris, University of St. Andrews (Scotland) (July 12-14, 2018).
  • Panelist, Past and Present conference, University of Birmingham (May 30­–31, 2018).
  • Presenter, “Photography: The Black Box of History,” Ryerson Image Centre (Canada) (March 15–17, 2018).
  • Panelist, Symposium on “Science, Photography, and the Circulation of Printed Media,” Photographic Memory Workshop, Yale University (April 13–14, 2018).
  • Panelist, “A Million Pictures: History, Archiving, and Creative Re-Use of Educational Magic Lantern Slides” Conference (The Netherlands) (August 29–September 1, 2017).
  • Panelist, Mass Observation’s Anniversary Conference, University of Sussex (UK) (July 10–11, 2017).
  • Panelist, Annual conference of the Photographic History Research Centre (UK), “Diverse Migrations: Photography Out of Bounds” (June 19–20, 2017).
  • Co-Chair with Dr. Olesya Turkina (St. Petersburg State University), “After Post Photography conference, The European University at St. Petersburg (Russia), “Film and other Forms of Photographic Life,” (May 19, 2017).
  • Presenter and Co-Organizer, “Law and Photography: Mugshots, Passports, and Portraiture,” Birkbeck College and London School of Economics (July 2, 2016).
  • Chair, Photographic History Research Centre, De Montfort University (UK), “Photography: Between Anthropology and History” (June 20­–21, 2016).
  • Presenter, Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences and the Stedelijk Museum for Contemporary Arts (June 9–10, 2016).
  • Participant, Study Day sponsored by The Photographic Seminar (Centre for Visual Studies, Dept of History of Art, and Bodleian Libraries), University of Oxford, “Around the World in 8 Papers: Itineraries for a History of Photography Beyond the Western Canon” (May 10, 2016).
  • Presenter, Getty Research Institute and Huntington Library, Symposium on “Photographic Archives and the Elusive Visual Image in the Writing of History” (February 25–26, 2016.)
  • Panelist, European Society for Environmental History (France) (June 30–July 3, 2015).
  • Panelist, History Department, The University of Western Australia, “Photographic Archives” seminar (May 29, 2015).
  • Presenter, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences and History and Theory Symposium (China), “Modernization in China and the West: Comparative Perspectives” (May 9–11, 2015).
  • Presenter, Department of History and Program in Women, Gender, and Sexuality, Johns Hopkins University, Conference in Honor Judith Walkowitz (April 10–11, 2015).
  • Panel Chair, “Africanizing Technologies” Conference, Wesleyan University (March 5–6, 2014).
  • Panel Respondent, “The Photographic Event,” chaired by Martin Jay, Conference of the American Historical Association (January 2­–5, 2015).
  • Chair, British Association for Victorian Studies Meeting (theme: “Victorian Sustainability”). University of Canterbury (England) (September 4–6, 2014).
  • Presenter, Institute of Advanced Study Conference on Interdisciplinary Scholarship, Durham University (England), “Law and Image as Translation: Photographs and Maps Go to Court” (July 15–17, 2014).
  • Presenter, Fulbright Scholars Forum, University of Glasgow (Scotland) (July 4–6, 2014).
  • Presenter, Research Seminar Series in “Cultures of Photographic, Photographic Evidence, and Law,” Photographic History Research Centre, De Montfort University (UK) (January 14, 2014).
  • Presenter, “The Comic Image 1730-1841 - Hogarth to Punch,” Lewis Henry Walpole Library (Farmington, CT) (September 6–7, 2013).
  • Presenter, Getty Research Institute: Conference on Photography’s Past Futures (May 8, 2013).
  • Presenter, Association for the Study of Law, Culture and Humanities, Birkbeck College, University of London (March 22, 2013).
  • Presenter, Draper Center for Civic Engagement, Pomona College, Civic Engagement and the Liberal Arts (January 31–February 1, 2013).
  • Presenter, Annenberg School for Communication, “Images, Ethics, Technologies,” (November 30, 2012).
  • Presenter, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, “Victorian Electrotypes: Old Treasures, New Technology” (March 26, 2012).
  • Presenter, Harvard Photography and History Workshop (December 2, 2011).
  • Chair, Society for the History of Technology (November 3–6, 2011).
  • Chair, Berkshire Conference of Women Historians, “Bodies and Media: Reproducing and Reshaping Sexuality, Race, and Gender” (June 12, 2011).
  • Presenter, Andrew W. Mellon 23 Collaboration Seminar, Scripps College, “Feminism and Science: Building Bridges for Research and Teaching Innovation” (January 4–6, 2011).
  • Presenter, Yale Center for British Art,“Darwin and Victorian Visual Culture” (April 10, 2009).
  • Presenter, North American Council on British Studies Conference, “Field of Vision: Visual Culture and Modern British History” (November 12–14, 2010).
  • Presenter, The MacMillan Center for International and Area Studies, Yale University (September 24–25, 2010).
  • Panelist, Oakley Center for Humanities and Social Sciences, Williams College, “Home Media and their Products” (April 30–May 1, 2010).
  • Panelist, Max Planck Institute for the History of Science (Germany), “Documenting the World” book workshop (January 7–10, 2010).
  • Chair, History of Science Society Annual Meeting (November 20–22, 2009).
  • Presenter, “Darwinism and Visual Culture,” University of Southern California (Oct. 28, 2009).
  • Presenter, UCLA History of Science Colloquium, “Historiographies of Art-Science Relations since C.P. Snow” (October 2, 2009).
  • Panel Respondent, Photographic Proofs: A Conference on Image, History, and Memory, Yale University (April 7–8, 2008).
  • Panel Respondent, History of Science Society annual meeting (November 7, 2007).
  • Panelist, Bard Music Festival, “Elgar and His World: The Composer and His Laboratory” (August 17–19, 2007).
  • Presenter, Getty Research Institute, “Art History and the Unseen” (January 19–20, 2006).
  • Presenter, Clark/Getty Workshop, The Clark Art Institute, “Spirits, Art History and the Unseen” (October 28–29, 2005.)
  • Presenter, “Pre-Raphaelite Vision: Truth to Nature,” Tate Britain Museum (England) (March 19–20, 2004).


Professional Associations

  • American Historical Association
  • North American Conference on British Studies
  • National Council on Public History
  • Society for History of Technology
  • Victorian Studies Association
  • History of Science Society
  • Association of Firearms History and Museums; Founding Member; Vice-President
  • Magic Lantern Society (UK)
  • American Society of Legal History

 Professional Service

  • Advisory Council member, University of California Multi-Campus Programs and Initiatives (MRPI), Arts, Humanities, and Culture Review Panel (October 14, 2020).
  • Fellowship Evaluator, Netherlands Institute for Advanced Study in the Humanities and Social Sciences (NIAS) (2020-present).
  • Consultant, “Activating the Photographic Mass: Imagined Communities, Identity & History in the National Trust’s Photography Collections,” Birkbeck College and the National Trust (Spring 2020–present).
  • Invited by the Organization of American Historians to give a public talk on Colt factory history and visual archives: April 23, 2020 (rescheduled).
  • Member, Undergraduate Essay Prize Committee (Chair, 2019-20), North American Conference on British Studies (2017–2020).
  • Grant Evaluator, National Endowment for the Humanities Public Scholar Program, Spring 2019.
  • Scholarly Advisor and contributing author to Trial by Media: The Queen Caroline Affair at the Yale Library, in partnership with the Lewis Walpole Library for the creation of an extensive online resource to mark the bicentennial of the Queen Caroline Divorce Trial.
  • Member of the Pre-Award Team Lead for Contracts & Grants, Research Grants Program Office, University of California Office of the President (Oct 24, 2018).
  • Faculty Advisor, Historical Scientific Instrument Collection, Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History (Summer 2018–present).
  • Academic Committee, Wiki Science Photography Competition, University of Tartu (Estonia) (2017).
  • Vice President, Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences, representing Wesleyan University (2014–present)
  • Planning Committee, Science and Technology Studies in the Liberal Arts, Andrew W. Mellon 23, Workshop Organizing Committee, Vassar College (April 20–21, 2013).
  • Scholarly Advisory Committee Member, Medical Heritage Library Project, Center for the History of Medicine, Harvard University Medical School.
  • Editorial Advisory Board Member, “Science/Technology/Culture” series, University of Massachusetts Press, 2009-15.  

Book Manuscript Reviews

Harvard University Press, Johns Hopkins University Press, Princeton University Press, Routledge, Stanford University Press, University of California Press, Yale University Press, University of Chicago Press, Bloomsbury Academic Press, MIT Press, University of Massachusetts Press.

 Article Reviews

American Historical Review, Oxford Art Journal, British Journal for the History of Science, English Historical Review, History and Technology, History Today, Isis, Journal of American History, Journal of Modern History, Kronos: A Journal of Interdisciplinary Synthesis, Photography and Culture, Radical History Review, Technology and Culture, Public Historian, Photography and Culture, Journal of Visual Culture, and Victorian Studies.

External Review Committee Service

  • External Review Committee, Science, Technology & Society Program, Colby College (Upcoming: October 10-12, 2021).
  • External Review Committee, Gender, Sexuality, and Feminist Studies Institute, Oberlin College (September 22–23, 2014).
  • External Review committee, Science, Technology, and Society Program, Vassar College (September 2011).
  • Assisted with review of applications for the annual Law and Humanities Interdisciplinary Junior Scholars Workshop, University of Pennsylvania (2015).

Research Networks

  • Member, "Thinking Public Humanities," Whitney Humanities Center, Yale University, a multi-year project convening specialists in the inter-related areas of Public Humanities, Documentary Studies, Museum Studies, Digital Humanities, Environmental History and Public History to discuss, hone and articulate a body of principles in public-facing intellectual work as a guide to fellow practitioners.
  • Member, Photographic Memory Workshop (Yale University).
  • Consortium for History of Science, Technology, and Medicine
  • Consultant, Visions of the Arctic: Entanglements, Paradoxes, and Conflict Lines, Univ. of Bergen, Norway (Proposed Centre of Excellence).

Students & Teaching

Teaching Areas

Modern European history; modern British social, legal and cultural history; women and gender history; Victorian visual culture; environmental history and law; historical methods/historiography; history of science and art intersections; history and theory of photography; visual cultures of knowledge; gender, science and technology; law and society; public history and material culture; firearms and history; film and television.

Graduate Seminars

  • Grant writing workshop, Visual Studies Research Institute, Graduate seminar, Univ. of Southern California (October 3, 2020).
  • Book publishing workshop for graduate students and recent postdocs, Science History Institute, Philadelphia, PA (October 2020).
  • Jobs in Art and Law, Careers Day workshop, University of York (October 10, 2016).

Courses taught

  • SISP 143: Searching for Life on Mars: Antiquity to Today, w/ Prof. Martha Gilmore) (Spring 2011)
  • HIST 177: Life Science, Art and Culture (Summer 2013)
  • HIST 179: Intro to Gender and Sex in History
  • HIST 181: Streets of Victorian London
  • SISP 207: Social and Cultural Practices of Science
  • FGSS 212: Gender & Technology (Spring 2011)
  • CSS 240: The Emergence of Modern Europe: Sophomore History Tutorial (Fall 2020, Fall 2021)
  • HIST 254: Science in Western Culture Survey (Spring 2012)
  • ENVS 255: Seeing a Bigger Picture: British Environmental History & Visual Culture (Spring 2015; Spring 2017)
  • FGSS 212: Sex, Gender and Technology: Historical Perspectives
  • HIST 264: Modern Britain, 1688-Present: From Empire to Quagmire (Spring 2019)
  • HIST 269: Gender & Sexuality in Modern Europe (Fall 2012)
  • HIST 286: Entanglements of Photography and Law Survey: Photographers Rights, Surveillance, Obscenity, Evidence, Copyright, and Human Rights Trials,1840-Today (Spring 2017; Spring 2018)
  • CHUM 346: Visual Persuasion & the Law (Fall 2011;)
  • CHUM 353: Media Revolutions: Color Television and the Humanities c. 1969 (Fall 2019)
  • HIST 362: Issues and Methods in Contemporary Historiography (required course for history majors): (Fall 2012; Fall 2013; Fall 2015; Fall 2017; Fall 2018)
  • ENV 391: COE Senior Colloquium (Fall 2014)
  • FGSS 405: Senior Seminar (Fall 2012; Fall 2017; Fall 2018; Fall 2021)
  • SOC 627/GLSP: Looking for an Icon: Ten Photographs That Shook the World (Summer 2012)

University Service

 Chair/Director Experience

  • Interim Director, Allbritton Center for the Study of Public Life. Wrote a strategic vision report for the administration with recommendations. Organized campus and public events (2012–13).
  • Chair, Feminist, Gender and Sexuality Studies Program. Participated in program’s self-study and external review (2008-09) and oversaw negotiations with the administration leading to the Program’s first dedicated line, at the senior level. Worked with administration to build the visibility, reach, and institutional impact of the program and to profile and enhance its contributions to intellectual life at Wesleyan. (2008–09; 2011–2012; 2012–13; 2018–19, Spring 2021).

 University Committees

  • Member, Search Committee for the Vice President for Communications Position (May–September 2019).
  • Faculty Advisory Board Member, Ezra and Cecile Zilkha Gallery (Fall 2017–present).
  • Task Force, University Copyright and Fair Use Practices, Olin Library Committee (2019-2020).
  • Faculty Advisor, Wesleyan Media Project (WMP), “Guns in Campaign Ads During 2017-2018.”
  • Faculty Advisory Board Member, Center for the Humanities (Fall 2015–present).
  • University Honors Committee (2008–09; 2021–23).
  • Review and Appeals Board (2010–13; re-elected 2018 for a three-year term)
  • Fulbright Scholarship Committee (Fall 2015); International Fellowships Committee (2018–present).
  • University Digital Collections Strategic Planning Committee. Faculty rep to the subcommittee on Special Collections and Archives and World Music Archives (2014-present).
  • Olin University Library External Review, faculty representative (Spring 2015).



Academic Affiliations

Office Hours

Fall 2021/by appt.


Fall 2021
CSS 240 - 01
Soph His Tut: Emerg Mod Europe

FGSS 405 - 01
Senior Seminar

Spring 2022
CSS 240 - 01
Soph His Tut: Emerg Mod Europe

CSS 240 - 02
Soph His Tut: Emerg Mod Europe