Recent Publications of the E&ES Department

*graduate student; #undergraduate student; ^postdoc author


Greene, S. E., Ridgwell, A., Kirtland-Turner, S., Schmidt, D. N., Pälike, H., Thomas, E., Greene, L. K., and Hoogakker, B. A. A., 2019. Early Cenozoic decoupling of climate and carbonate compensation depth trends, Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology, doi: 10.1029/2019PA003601

Royer, D. L., Moynihan, K. M.*, McKee M. L.*, Londoño L., Franks P. J. 2019. Sensitivity of a leaf gas-exchange model for estimating paleoatmospheric CO2 concentration. Climate of the Past, 15: 795-809.

Hagen, E. R., Royer, D. L., Moye, R. L., and Johnson, K. R., 2019. No large bias within species between the reconstructed areas of complete and fragmented fossil leaves. Palaios, 34: 43-48,

Hayek, L.-A., Buzas, M., and Thomas, E. (2019). Identifying disruptions to the ecological balance of nature: a foraminiferal example across the initiation of the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum. Paleobiology, 45: 98-113; doi : 10.1017/pab.2018.45

Milligan, J. N., Royer, D. L., Franks, P. J., Upchurch, G. R., & McKee, M. L. (2019). No evidence for a large atmospheric CO2 spike across the CretaceousPaleogene boundary. Geophysical Research Letters, 46.

Smart, C.W., Thomas, E., and Bracher, C. M. (2019). Holocene variations in North Atlantic export productivity as reflected in bathyal benthic foraminifera. Marine Micropaleontology, 149: 1-18. 1016/j.marmicro.2019.03.004

Takata, H., Kim, H. K., Asahi, H., Thomas, E., Yoo, C. M., Chi, S. B., and Khim, B.K. (2019). Central Equatorial Pacific benthic foraminifera during the mid Brunhes dissolution interval: ballasting of particulate organic matter by biogenic silica and carbonate. Quaternary Science Reviews, 210: 64-79; doi: 10.1016/j.quascirev. 2019.02.030



Greenwood, J. P. (2018). Hydrogen and D/H analysis of apatite by Elemental-Analyzer-Chromium/High Temperature Conversion-Isotope Ratio Mass Spectrometry (EA-Cr/HTC-IRMS). Chemical Geology, 500: 175-181;

Arreguin-Rodriguez, G. J., Thomas, E., d’Haenens, S., Speijer, R. P., and Alegret, L. (2018), Early Eocene deep-sea benthic foraminiferal faunas: Recovery from the Paleocene Eocene Thermal Maximum extinction in a greenhouse world. PLoS ONE 13(2): e0193167.

Greenwood, J. P., Karato, S., VanderKaaden, K. E., Pahlevan, K., and Usui, T. (2018), Water and Volatile inventories of Mercury, Venus, the Moon and Mars. Space Sci Rev (2018) 214: 92.

Lu, W., Ridgwell, A., Thomas, E., Hardisty, D., Luo, G., Algeo, T., Saltzmann, M., Gill, B. C., Shen Y., Ling, H.-F., Edwards, C. T., Whalen, M. T., Zhou, X., Gutchess, K., Jin, L., Rickaby, R., Jenkyns, H. C., Lyons, T. W., Lenton, T. M., Kump., L. R., and Lu., Z. (2018). Late inception of a resiliently oxygenated upper ocean. Science, 361: 174-177; doi: 10.1126/science.aar5372

Resor, P. G., M. L. Cooke, S. T. Marshall, and E. H. Madden (2018), Influence of fault geometry on the spatial distribution of long-term slip with implications for determining representative fault slip rates, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 108: 1837-1852; doi:10.1785/0120170332

Royer, D. L. , Moynihan, K. M.#, Ariori, C.#, Bodkin, G.#, Doria, G.*, Enright, K.#, Hatfield-Gardner, R.#, Kravet, E.#, Nuttle, C. M.#, Shepard, L.#, Ku, T. C. W., O'Connell, S., Resor, P. G. (2018), Tank bromeliads capture Saharan dust in El Yunque National Forest, Puerto Rico. Atmospheric Environment, 173: 325-329. 

Schmidt, D. N., Thomas, E., Authier, E., Saunders, D., and Ridgwell, A., 2018, Strategies in times of crisis – insights into the benthic foraminiferal record of the PETM, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, A:  20170328. Doi: 10.1098/rsta.2017.0328

Super, J., Thomas, E., Pagani, M., O’Brien, C., Hull, P. M. (2018), North Atlantic temperature and pCO2 coupling in the early-middle Miocene. Geology, 46: 519-522. |

Smart, C. W., and Thomas, E. (2018). Taxonomy, biostratigraphy and phylogeny of Oligocene Streptochilus, Wade, B. et al., eds., Atlas of Oligocene Planktonic Foraminifera, Cushman Foundation Spec. Publ., 46: 495-510.

Thomas, E., Boscolo-Galazzo, F., Balestra, B., Monechi, S., Donner, B., and Röhl, U. (2018), Early Eocene Thermal Maximum 3: biotic response at Walvis Ridge (SE Atlantic Ocean), Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology, CBEP Special Section, 33: 863-883;  doi: 10.1029/2018PA003375


*Arulanantham N. A., Herbst W., Gilmore M. S., Cauley P. W. and Leggett S. K. (2017), Untangling the near-IR spectral features in the protoplanetary environment of KH 15D, Astrophys. J., 834, 2, article id. 119, 15 pp., arXiv:1611.09319.

Bachan, A., Lau, K. V., Saltzmann, M. R., Thomas, E., Kump, L. R., and Payne, J. L. (2017), A model for the decrease in amplitude of carbon isotope excursions throughout the Phanerozoic, American Journal of Science: 317 (6): 641-676, doi: 10.2475/06.2017.01

Edwards, C. T., Saltzman, M.R., Royer, D.L., Fike, D. A. (2017), Oxygenation as a driver of the Great Ordovician Biodiversification Event. Nature Geoscience, 10: 925-929.

Foster, G.L., Royer, D.L., Lunt, D.J. (2017), Future climate forcing potentially without precedent in the geological record. Nature Communications, 8: 14845. doi: 10.1038/ncomms14845. 

Franks P.J., Royer, D.L. (2017), Comment on "Was atmospheric CO2 capped at 1000 ppm over the past 300 million years?" by McElwain J. C. et al. [Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclimatol. Palaeoecol. 441 (2016) 653-658]. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 472: 256-259. 

Greenwood J. P., N. Sakamoto, S. Itoh, P. H. Warren, #J. A. Singer, K. Yanai and H. Yurimoto (2017), The lunar magma ocean volatile signature recorded in chlorine-rich glasses in KREEP basalts 15382 and 15386, Geochemical Journal, Vol. 51 (No. 1), pp. 105-114.

Gutjahr, M., Ridgwell, A., Sexton, P. F., Anagnostou, E., Pearson, P. N., Paelike, H., Norris, R. D., Thomas, E., and Foster, G. L. (2017), Very large release of mostly volcanic carbon during the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum. Nature, 548: 573-577; doi:10.1038/nature23646

Hernandez, P. A., Melian, G. V., Somoza, L., Arpa, C., Perez, N. M., Barisoso, E., Sumino, H., Padron, E., Varekamp, J. C., Albert-Betran, J., and Solidum, R., (2017), The acid crater lake of Taal Volcano, Philippines: hydrogeochemical and hydroacoustic data related to the 2010-11 volcanic unrest. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 437,

McNeill, L. C., Dugan, B., Backman, J., Pickering, K. T., Pouderoux, H. F. A., Henstock, T. J., Petronotis, K. E., Carter, A., Chemale, F., Milliken, K. L., Kutterolf, S., Mukoyoshi, H., Chen, W., Kachovich, S., Mitchison, F. L., Bourlange, S., Colson, T. A., Frederik, M. C. G., Guerin, G., Hamahashi, M., House, B. H., Huepers, A., Jeppson, T. N., Kenigsberg, A. R., Kuranaga, M., Nair, N., Owari, S., Shan, Y., Song, I., Torres, M. E., Vannuchi, P., Vrolijk, P., Yang, T., Zhao, X., and Thomas, E. (2017), Understanding Himalayan Erosion and the Significance of the Nicobar Fan. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 475: 134-142; doi: 10.106/j.epsl.2017.07.019

Moura de Mello, R., Leckie, R. M., Fraass, A. J., and Thomas, E. (2017), Upper Maastrichtian – Eocene benthic foraminiferal biofacies of the Brazilian margin, western South Atlantic. In: Kaminski, M.A. & Alegret, L., (eds), 2016. Proceedings of the 9th International Workshop on Agglutinated Foraminifera. Grzybowski Foundation Special Publication, 22: 119-161. /iwaf9/Mello-et-al-2017.pdf

O'Connell, S., Gilmore, M., Johnson-Thornton, R., Ku, T., Patton, P., Resor, P., Royer, D. (2017), Diverse students can be attracted to geoscience. GSA Today, 27(5): 76-77. 

Royer D.L., Hren, H.T. (2017), Carbon isotopic fractionation between whole leaves and cuticle. Palaios, 32: 199-205. 

Sawyer#, W. J. and Resor, P. G. (2017), Modeling frictional melt injection to constrain coseismic physical conditions, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 469, p.53-63, doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2017.04.012 

Singer, J. A., J. P. Greenwood, S. Itoh, N. Sakamoto and H. Yurimoto (2017), Evidence for the solar wind in lunar magmas: A study of slowly cooled samples of the Apollo 12 olivine basalt suite, Geochemical Journal, Vol. 51 (No. 1), pp. 95-104.

Wit, J. C., de Nooijer, L. J., Haig, J., Jorissen, F. J., Thomas, E., and Reichart, G.-J. (2017), Towards reconstructing ancient seawater Mg/Ca by combining porcelaneous and hyaline foraminiferal Mg/Ca-temperature calibrations. Geochimica Cosmochimica Acta, 211: 341-354; doi: 10.1016/j.gca.2017.05.036

Wolfe, A.P., Reyes, A.V., Royer, D.L., Greenwood, D.R., Doria, G.*, Gagen, M.H., Siver, P.A., Westgate, J.A., (2017), Middle Eocene CO2 and climate reconstructed from the sediment fill of a subarctic kimberlite maar. Geology, 45: 619-622. 


Arreguin-Rodriguez, G. J., Alegret, L., and Thomas, E. (2016), Late Paleocene - middle Eocene benthic foraminifera on a Pacific Seamount (Allison Guyot, ODP Site 865): Greenhouse Climate and superimposed hyperthermal events. Paleoceanography, 31: 346-364; doi: 10.1002/2015PA002837

Agusto M. R., and  Varekamp J. C. (2016), The Copahue volcanic-hydrothermal system and applications for volcanic surveillance. In: Copahue volcano, Tassi et al., eds, Springer series in Volcanology, Active Volcanoes of the World, p 199-238

Agusto, M. R., Caselli, A., Daga, R., Varekamp, J. C., Trinelli, A., Dos Santos Alfonso, M., Velez, M. L., Euillades, P., and Guevara, S. R. (2016), The crater lake of Copahue Volcano (Argentina):  geohcnmeical and thermal changes between 1995 and 2015. Geochemistry and Geophysics of Active Volcanic Lakes, Geological Society of London, Special Volume 437,

Boscolo-Galazzo, F., Thomas, E., Luciana, V., Giusberti, L., Frontalini, F., and Coccioni, R. (2016), The planktic foraminifer Planorotalites in the Tethyan middle Eocene, Journal of Micropaleontology, 35: 79-89; doi: 1144/jmpaleo2014-030

Giusberti, L., Boscolo-Galazzo, F., and Thomas, E. (2016), Variability in climate and productivity during the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum in the western Tethys (Forada section). Climate of the Past, 12: 213-240; doi: 5194/cp-12-213-2016

Herbst W. and Greenwood J. P. (2016), A new mechanism for chondrule formation: Radiative heating by hot planetesimals, Icarus, 267, 364-367, doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2015.11.

Janssen, A. W., Sessa, J. A., and Thomas E. (2016), Pteropoda (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Thecosomata) from the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum of the United States Atlantic Coastal Plain, Palaeontologia Electronica, Article 19 (3), 1-26

Lefkowitz, J. L.,# Varekamp, J. C., Reynolds, J. C., and Thomas, E. (2016), A Tale of two Lakes: the Newberry Volcano Twin Crater Lakes. Geochemistry and Geophysics of Active Volcanic Lakes, Geological Society of London, Special Volume 437, 253-288; eds. T. Ohba, B. Capaccioni, and C. Caudron, doi:10.1144/SP437.15

Lu, Z., Hoogakker, B., Hillenbrand, C.-D., Zhou, X., Thomas, E., Gutchess, K. M., Lu, W., Jones, L., and Rickaby, R. E. M. (2016), Oxygen depletion recorded in upper waters of the glacial Southern Ocean. Nature Communications 7, 11146; doi: 10.1038/ncomms11146

Post, J. E., Thomas, E., and Heaney, P. J. (2016), Jianshuiite in Oceanic Manganese Nodules. American Mineralogist, 101: 407-414. doi: 10.2138/am-2016-5347

Rodríguez A., Varekamp J. C., van Bergen M. J., *Kading T. J. Oonk P., Gammons C. G. and Gilmore M. (2016), Acid rivers and lakes at Caviahue-Copahue volcano as potential terrestrial analogues for aqueous paleo-environments on Mars. In: Copahue volcano, Tassi et al., eds, Springer series in Volcanology, p 141-172.

Royer, D.L., (2016), Climate sensitivity in the geologic past. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, 44: 277-293. 

Treiman, A. H., Boyce, J. W., Greenwood, J. P., Eiler, J. M., Gross, J., Guan, Y., Ma, C., and Sttolper, E. M., D-poor hydrogen in lunar mare basalts assimilated from lunar regolith. American Mineralogist, 101, 1596-1603; DOI:

Varekamp J. C., *Zareski J. E., *Camfield L. M. and Todd E. (2016), Copahue volcano and its regional magmatic setting. In: Copahue volcano, Tassi et al., eds, Springer series in Volcanology, p 81-118.

Zhou, X., Thomas, E., Winguth, A. M. E., Ridgwell, A., Scher, H., Hoogakker, B. A. A., Rickaby, R. E. M., and Lu, Z. (2016), Expanded oxygen minimum zones during the late Paleocene – early Eocene: hints from multi-proxy comparison and ocean modeling. Paleoceanography, 31: 1532-1546; doi:1002/2016PA003020


Bordiga, M., Henderiks, J., Tori, F., S. Monechi, S., Fenero, R., Legarda-Lisarri, A., and Thomas, E. (2015), Microfossil evidence for trophic changes during the Eocene-Oligocene transition in the South Atlantic (ODP Site 1263, Walvis Ridge), Climate of the Past 11, 1615-1664.

Boscolo-Galazzo, F., Thomas, E., Giusberti, L. (2015), Benthic foraminiferal response to the Middle Eocene Climatic Optimum (MECO) in the Southeastern Atlantic (ODP Site 1263).  Palaeogeography,  Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 417: 432-444; 10.1016/j.palaeo.2014.10.004.

Boyce J. W., Treiman A. H., Guan Y., Ma C., Eiler J. M., Gross J., Greenwood J. P. and Stolper E. M. (2015), The chlorine isotope fingerprint of the lunar magma ocean, Science Advances 1, e1500380, doi:10.1126/sciadv.1500380.

Christenson B., Németh K., Rouwet D., Tassi F., Vandemeulebrouck J. and Varekamp J. C. (2015), Volcanic lakes, in Volcanic Lakes (eds. D. Rouwet, B. Christenson, F. Tassi, J. Vandemeulebrouck) Springer Advances in Volcanology, p. 1-20.

Gilmore M. S., Mueller N. and Helbert J. (2015), VIRTIS emissivity of Alpha Regio, Venus, with implications for tessera composition, Icarus 254, 350-361, doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2015.04.008.

*Harner P. L. and Gilmore M. S. (2015), Visible-near infrared spectra of hydrous carbonates, with implications for the detection of carbonates in hyperspectral data of Mars, Icarus 250, 204-214.

Jennions, S. M., Thomas, E., Schmidt, D. N., Lunt, D., and Ridgwell, A. (2015), Changes in benthic ecosystems and ocean circulation in the Southeast Atlantic across Eocene Thermal Maximum 2. Paleoceanography, 30: 1059-1077; doi: 10.1002/2015PA002821

Lear, C. H., Coxall, H. K., Foster, G. L., Lunt, D. J., Mawbey, E. M., Rosenthal, Y., Sosdian, S. M., Thomas, E., and Wilson, P. A. (2015), Mg/Ca thermometry suggests greater than modern ice volume in the Miocene. Paleoceanography, 30: 1437-1454. doi: 10.1002/2015PA002833

O'Connell, S. (2015), Lactation in the Academy: Accommodating Breastfeeding Scientists,  in: Holmes, M.A., OConnell, S., and Dutt, K, eds. Women in the Geosciences: Practical, Positive, Practices Toward Parity.  American Geophysical Union, Wiley, p. 75-80.

O'Connell, S. and Holmes, M.A. (2015) Hiring a diverse faculty,  in: Holmes, M.A., OConnell, S., and Dutt, K, eds. Women in the Geosciences: Practical, Positive, Practices Toward Parity.  American Geophysical Union, Wiley, p. 95-108.

O'Connell, S. (2015) Multiple & sequential mentoring: building your nest,  in: Holmes, M.A., OConnell, S., and Dutt, K, eds. Women in the Geosciences: Practical, Positive, Practices Toward Parity.  American Geophysical Union, Wiley, p. 109-120.

O'Connell, S. (2015) Learning to develop a writing practice,  in: Holmes, M.A., OConnell, S., and Dutt, K, eds. Women in the Geosciences: Practical, Positive, Practices Toward Parity.  American Geophysical Union, Wiley, p. 161-170.

Ortiz S. and Thomas E. (2015), Deep-sea benthic foraminiferal turnover during the early-middle Eocene transition at Walvis Ridge (SE Atlantic), Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 417: 126-136.

Pearson P. N. and Thomas E. (2015), Drilling disturbance and constraints on the onset of the Paleocene-Eocene boundary carbon isotope excursion in New Jersey, Climates of the Past, 11 95-104, doi:10.5194/cp-11-95-2015.

Peppe D. J. and Royer D. L. (2015), Can climate feel the pressure? Science 348, 1210-1211.

#Seixas G. B., Resor P. G., Lopez-Pearce J., Karlstrom K. and Crossey L. J. (2015), Constraints on the evolution of vertical deformation and Colorado River incision near eastern Lake Mead, Arizona, provided by quantitative structural mapping of the Hualapai Limestone, Geosphere, doi:10.1130/GES01096.1.

Stassen P., Thomas E. and Speijer R. P. (2015), Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum environmental change in the New Jersey Coastal Plain: benthic foraminiferal biotic events, Marine Micropaleontology: 115, 1-23.

Varekamp J. C. (2015), The chemical composition and evolution of volcanic lakes, in Volcanic Lakes (eds. D. Rouwet, B. Christenson, F. Tassi, J. Vandemeulebrouck) Springer Advances in Volcanology, p. 93-123.

Zanne A.E., Tank D.C., Cornwell W.K., Eastman J.M., Smith S.A., FitzJohn R.G., McGlinn D.J., O'Meara B.C., Moles A.T., Reich P.B., Royer D.L., Soltis D.E., Stevens P.F., Westoby M., Wright I.J., Aarssen L., Bertin R.I., Calaminus A., Govaerts R., Hemmings F., Leishman M. R., Oleksyn J., Soltis P.S., Swenson N.G., Warman L., Beaulieu J.M. (2015), Reply to "Doubtful pathways to cold tolerance in plants". Nature, 521: doi:10.1038/nature14394. 


Blonder B., Royer D.L., Johnson K.R., Miller I., Enquist B.J. (2014), Plant ecological strategies shift across the Cretaceous‐Paleogene boundary. PLoS Biology, 12(9): e1001949. doi: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1001949.

Boyce J. W., Tomlinson S. M., McCubbin F. M., Greenwood J. P., Treiman A. H. (2014), The Lunar Apatite Paradox, Science, 344: 400-402.

Cornwell W.K., Westoby M., Falster D.S., FitzJohn R.G., O’Meara B.C., Pennell M.W., McGlinn D.J., Eastman J.M., Moles A.T., Reich P.B., Tank D.C., Wright I.J., Aarssen L., Beaulieu J.M., Kooyman R.M., Leishman M.R., Miller E.T., Niinemets Ü., Oleksyn J., Ordonez A., Royer D.L., Smith S.A., Stevens P.F., Warman L., Wilf P. and Zanne A.E. (2014), Functional distinctiveness of major plant lineages. Journal of Ecology, 102: 345‐356 (with cover). 

Cronin T., Farmer J., Marzen R. E., Thomas E. and Varekamp J. C. (2014), Late Holocene sea level variability and Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation, Paleoceanography, 28: 765-777, doi:10.1002/2014PA002632.

Franks P.J., Royer D.L., Beerling D.J., Van de Water P.K., Cantrill D.J., Barbour M.M. and Berry J.A. (2014), New constraints on atmospheric CO2 concentration for the Phanerozoic. Geophysical Research Letters, 41: 4685‐4694. 

Kraczkowski, M. L. and B. Chernoff (2014), Molecular phylogenetics of the Eastern and Western Blacknose Dace, Rhinichthys atratulus and R. obtusus (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Copeia 2014(2): 325-338. DOI:10.1643/CG-14-002

Lopez G. et al. - incl. Thomas, E. (2014), Biology and Ecology of Long Island Sound, in Long Island Sound (eds., J. S. Latimer et al.) Springer Series on Environmental Management 2014: 85-479.

Ma Z., Gray E., Thomas E., Murphy B., Zachos J. and Paytan A. (2014), Carbon sequestration during the Palaeocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum by an efficient biological pump, Nature Geoscience 7: 382-2888, doi:10.1038/ngeo2139.

*Maxbauer D.P., Royer D.L. and LePage B.A. (2014), High Arctic forests during the middle Eocene supported by moderate levels of atmospheric CO2. Geology 42: 1027‐1030.

O'Connell, S. (2014) Women of the academy and the sea: 2000–2014. Oceanography, 27 supplement:15–22,

O'Donnell J., Wilson R. E., Lwiza K., Whitney M., Bohlen W. F., Codiga D., Fribance D. B., Fake T., Bowman M. and Varekamp J. (2014), The Physical Oceanography of Long Island Sound, in Long Island Sound (eds., J. S. Latimer et al.) Springer Series on Environmental Management 2014, pp 79-158.

Penman, D. E., B. Hönisch, R. E. Zeebe, E. Thomas, and J. C. Zachos (2014), Rapid and sustained surface ocean acidification during the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum, Paleoceanography, 29:357–369, doi:10.1002/2014PA002621.

Peppe D.J., Lemons C.R., Royer D.L., Wing S.L., Wright I.J., Lusk C.H. and #Rhoden C.H. (2014) Biomechanical and leaf‐climate relationships: a comparison of ferns and seed plants. American Journal of Botany, 101: 338‐347. 

^Poulos, H. M. and B. Chernoff (2014) Potential range expansion of the invasive red shiner, Cyprinella lutrensis (Teleostei: Cyprinidae), under future climatic change. Journal of Ecology (Open) 2014(4): 554-564.

^Poulos, H. M., *K. E. Miller, M. L. Kraczkowski, A. Welchel, *R. Heinemann, and B. Chernoff. 2014. Fish assemblage response to a small dam removal in the Eightmile River System, Connecticut, USA. Environmental Management 54(5):1090-1101 DOI 10.1007/s00267-014-0314-y

Royer D.L., Donnadieu Y., Park J., *Kowalczyk J. and Goddéris Y (2014)  Error analysis of CO2 and O2 estimates from the long‐term geochemical model GEOCARBSULF. American Journal of Science 314: 1259‐1283 (with cover). 

Royer DL. (2014) Atmospheric CO2 and O2 during the Phanerozoic: tools, patterns, and impacts. Geochemistry Treatise (2nd Edition), 6: 251‐267.

Sexton J. M., O'Connell S., Banning J. and Most D. (2014) Characteristics and culture of geoscience departments as interpreted from their website photographs. J. Women and Minorities in the Sciences, 20: 257-278.

Stassen P., Speijer R. P. and Thomas E. (2014), Unsettled puzzle of the Marlboro clays, PNAS 111, E1066-E1067, doi:10.1073/pnas.1321839111.

Varekamp J. C., McElroy A. E., Mullaney J. R. and Breslin V. T. (2014), Metals, organic compunds, and nutrients in Long Island Sound: Sources, magnitudes, trends and impacts,  in Long Island Sound (eds., J. S. Latimer et al.) Springer Series on Environmental Management 2014, pp 203-283.

Zanne A.E., Tank D.C., Cornwell W.K., Eastman J.M., Smith S.A., FitzJohn R.G., McGlinn D.J., O'Meara B.C., Moles A.T., Reich P.B., Royer D.L., Soltis D.E., Stevens P.F., Westoby M., Wright I.J., Aarssen L., Bertin R.I., Calaminus A., Govaerts R., Hemmings F., Leishman M.R., Oleksyn J., Soltis P.S., Swenson N.G., Warman L., Beaulieu J.M. (2014), Into the cold—three keys to radiation of angiosperms into freezing environments. Nature, 506: 89‐92. 

Zeilinga de Boer, J. (2014), The Oracle at Delphi: The Pythia and the Pneuma, Intoxicating Gas Finds, and Hypotheses. History of Toxicology and Environmental Health: Toxicology in Antiquity, Volume 1. Chapter 9, Pages 83-91, Elsevier.

Zhou, X., E. Thomas, R. E. M. Rickaby, A. M. E. Winguth and Z. Lu (2014), I/Ca evidence for upper ocean deoxygenation during the PETM, Paleoceanography, 29: 964–975, doi:10.1002/2014PA002702. 


Alegret L. and Thomas E. (2013), Benthic foraminifera across the Ctetaceous/Paleogene boundary in the Southern Ocean (ODP Site 690): Diversity, food and carbonate saturation, Marine Micropaleontology, 105: 40-51.

Boscolo Galazzo F., Giusberti L., Luciani V. and Thomas E. (2013), Paleoenvironmental changes during the Middle Eocene Climatic Optimum (MECO) and its aftermath: The benthic foraminiferal record from the Alano section (NE Italy), Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 378: 22-35.

#Colvin A., Rose W. I., Varekamp J. C., Palma J. L., Escobar D., Gutierrez E., Montalvo F. and MacLean A. (2013) Crater lake evolution at Santa Ana Volcano (El Salvador) following the 2005 eruption, Geological Society of America Special Papers, 498: 23-43. 

Foster L. C., Schmidt D. N., Thomas E., Arndt S. and Ridgwell A. (2013), Surviving rapid climate change in the deep sea during the Paleogene hyperthermals, PNAS, 110, 9273-9276, doi:10.1073/pnas.1300579110.

Royer D.L. and Chernoff B. (2013), Diversity in neotropical wet forests during the Cenozoic linked more to atmospheric CO2 than temperature. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 280: 20131024. doi:10.1098/rspb.2013.1024.

Wagstaff K. L., Lanza N.*, Thompson D. R., Dietterich T. G. and Gilmore M. S. (2013), Guiding scientific discovery with explanations using DEMUD,  AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, 27, 905-911.

Zeilinga de Boer, J. (2013) New Haven's Sentinels: The Art and Science of East Rock and West Rock, Wesleyan University Press, 180 pp.