SOCS 638
Europe from the French Revolution to the Great War, 1789-1914

Nathanael Greene

Course Texts

Broad Street Books will have copies of the following:
John Merriman, History of Modern Europe, Second Edition, Vol 2    
Eric Hobsbawm, The Age of Revolution
Robin Winks and J. Neuberger, Europe and the Making of Modernity, 1815-1914
D. G. Williamson, Bismarck and Germany
James Joll, The Origins of World War I

Course Calendar

Note: Readings listed below are intended to offer both introduction and arguments about the course of European history in the 19th century. Students are urged to make use of Olin Library's excellent collection, and to supplement the listed readings with choices of their own.  Suggestions for supplementary reading will be offered in class. The “Documents,” are available in two installments, on line under “Blackboard,” accessible through your Wesleyan portfolio.

June 27 Introduction
June 29 The French Revolution and Napoleon

1. Models of revolution
2. Ideologies of change and counter-revolution
3. Radicalization and Export of Revolution
4. Napoleon and Europe 

John Merriman, History of Modern Europe, chapters 12 and 13
Eric Hobsbawm, The Age of Revolution, chapters 1, 3, and 4
Documents:
“The Marseillaise”
“Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen”
“Robespierre’s Last Speech”

July 6 The Industrial Revolution

1. Definitions of industrialization
2. England's example: economic, political, and social
3. France's skepticism: resistance to industrialization
4. Changing societies 

John Merriman, History of Modern Europe, chapter 14 or
Eric Hobsbawm, The Age of Revolution, chapter 2, or
Robin Winks and J. Neuberger, Europe and the Making of Modernity, 1815-1914, Chapter 3, and Documents:
“The Philosophy of Manufacturers”
“The 1834 Poor Law Report”
“Child Labor in the Factories” 
“The Sanitary Condition of the Labouring Population”
“Self Help”
“England in 1819”
“Tory Opposition to Reform"
“The 1832 Reform Bill”
“Repeal of the Corn Laws”

July 11 Reaction and Revolution

1. The Vienna settlement, 1815
2. France: Restoration, revolution, and the "bourgeois" monarchy
3. German disunity: Prussia and Austria
4. Plans for Italian unity
5. Utopian Socialism

John Merriman, History of Modern Europe, chapter 15, or
Eric  Hobsbawn, The Age of Revolution, chapters 6,7,12,13, or
Robin Winks and J. Neuberger, Europe and the Making of Modernity, 1815-1914, Chapters 1, 4 and 5 and
Documents:
“Chartism in Halifax”
“Proudhon and Saint-Simon”

July 13 Russia: Autocracy, Rebellion, and Repression
Europe: Revolutions of 1848

A. Russia
1. The abortive reforms of Tsar Alexander I
2. The first Russian revolutionaries: the Decembrist revolt of 1825
3. Tsar Nicholas I: Autocracy, Orthodoxy, and Nationality

B. Revolutions of 1848
1. France, Germany, and Italy in 1848
2. The brief collapse of the old order
3
. Political and social strife
4. Nationalism and the collapse of the revolutions 

John Merriman, History of Modern Europe, chapter 16, or
Eric Hobsbawm, The Age of Revolution, chapter 16
Robin Winks and J. Neuberger, Europe and the Making of Modernity, 1815-1914, Chapter 6

July 18

Victorian Order

1. The confidence of the 19th century
2. Family, morality, religion, and authority
3. Political agreement: parliament, parties, and power
4. Political disagreement: Disraeli vs. Gladstone
5. The Queen and the royal family 

John Merriman, History of Modern Europe, pages 747-770
Documents:
“The English Constitution” 
“The Great Exhibition, 1851”
“Winston Churchill on Progress”

July 20 First Take-Home Examination Due

The examination will be handed out in class on July 13.  Your paper should be no longer than 6 printed pages, exclusive of endnotes. It is due at the beginning of class on July 20.

1. Prussia vs. Austria
2. Bismarck's Prussia: old and new power
3. Bismarck's Empire: Blood and Iron
4. Bismarck's alliances and alignments
5. Italy: Accident or Design? 

John Merriman, History of Modern Europe, chapter 17, or
Robin Winks and J. Neuberger, Europe and the Making of Modernity, 1815-1914, Chapter 7, pages 192-205, 206-209, 320-324 and
D. G. Williamson, Bismarck and Germany

July 25 France: Empire, Paris Commune, and Republic

1. The Second Empire of Napoleon III
2. The Paris Commune of 1871
3. The Third Republic
4. Political and Social struggles
5. The Dreyfus Affair and the New Right 

John Merriman, History of Modern Europe,  794-813
Robin Winks and J. Neuberger, Europe and the Making of Modernity, 1815-1914, Chapter 7, pages 188-192, 205-206, 328-335
Documents:
“The Paris Commune, 1871”
“Manifesto of the Comte de Chambord 1871”
“Clericalism, There is the Enemy”
“Jules Ferry on Education”
“General Boulanger’s Campaign”
“Dictator and King by Charles Maurras”
“Dreyfus After His Pardon”

July 27 Marxian Socialism and Anarchism

1. The Manifesto
2. The Development of Marxian Socialism
3. Bakunin and Anarchism
4. Socialist Paths  

John Merriman, History of Modern Europe, chapters 19 and 20 to page 875, or
Robin Winks and J. Neuberger, Europe and the Making of Modernity, 1815-1914, Chapter 10
Documents:
“The Communist Manifesto”
“Keir Hardie on Socialism,”
“Jean Jaurès, Discours à la Jeunesse,”
“Syndicalism in France”
“Fernand Pelloutier on the General Strike”

August 1

Nationalism and Imperialism

1. Theories of Imperialism
2. British and French Imperialism
3. German and Italian Imperialism 

John Merriman, History of Modern Europe, chapter 21 or
Robin Winks and J. Neuberger, Europe and the Making of Modernity, 1815-1914, Chapters 8 and 9
Documents:
“The Concept of Empire”
“England’s Mission”
“Jules Ferry and Imperialism”

August 3 Russia: Reform, Reaction, and Revolution, 1855-1905

1. Tsar-Liberator: Alexander II
2. Revolutionary opposition
3. Reaction again: Alexander III
4. Industrialization and its consequences
5. The Revolution of 1905         

John Merriman, History of Modern Europe, pages 770-794, or
Robin Winks and J. Neuberger, Europe and the Making of Modernity, 1815-1914, pages 337-344
Documents:
“Pobedonostev’s Advice to the Tsars”
“A Lenin Sampler”

August 8 Second Take-Home Examination Due
The examination will be distributed on August 1

The Origins of the Great War and Conclusions
1. Alliances and Armaments
2. Planning for War
3. German Responsibility?
4. Nationalities and Nationalism
5. Social Conflicts
6. Collective responsibility?
7. Progress, Power, and Promise
8. The Climax of Enlightenment
9. An Age of Illusions 

James Joll, The Origins of World War I
John Merriman, History of Modern Europe, chapter 22 to page 973, or
Robin Winks and J. Neuberger, Europe and the Making of Modernity, 1815-1914, 324-328, 335-359
Documents:
“David Lloyd George in 1908"
“Gabrielle d’Annunzio,”
“Marinetti: The Founding and Manifesto of Futurism”
“Léon Jouhaux at Jaurès’ Grave, 1914”

August 10

Wednesday, August 10: Absolute FINAL due date for second take-home examination. Papers should be placed under my office door in the Public Affairs Center, room 215.

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