Europe in the Age of Violence, 1914-1945
For several of the class sessions indicated below alternative choices are suggested. If you wish, you may substitute choices of your own for any of these required readings as long as they directly address the subjects at hand. You are urged to browse through the stacks in Olin Library and begin to acquire a working bibliography.
Although there is no textbook recommended for the course, you may wish to choose one from Olin Library. Among the reasonably solid texts are:
Stuart Hughes, Contemporary Europe: A History
Two course papers are required: the first, is due on Wednesday, July 9, at the beginning of class; the second is due on Wednesday, July 30, also at the beginning of class. Paper topics will be distributed prior to the due date, the first to be handed out on July 2, the second on July 23. Papers must be no more than five or six printed, double-spaced pages, exclusive of footnotes or endnotes. References should be carefully indicated in such notes.There will be no examinations in this course. Participation in class discussions is expected, and will be taken into account in determining in assessing your work in the course.
|June 23||Introduction: The Promise of the 20th Century|
|June 25||The Great War, 1914-1918: Origins and Consequences
James Joll, The Origins of the First World War
|June 30||Lenin and the Russian Revolution
Sheila Fitzpatrick, The Russian Revolution, chapters 1-4
|July 2||Stalin, the Soviet Union, and International Communism
Sheila Fitzpatrick, The Russian Revolution, chapters 5-6
Italian Fascism: Mussolini’s Example
Mussolini, “The Political and Social Doctrine of Fascism,” [to be
Germany: the Weimar Republic, 1919-1933
Robert Paxton, The Anatomy of Fascism, sections in chapters 3 and 4, and Ian Kershaw, Hitler, chapters 1 and 2
Excerpts from the film Triumph of the Will, to be shown in class
*** PAPER DUE ***
Germany: Hitler’s Revolution, 1933-1939
Robert Paxton, The Anatomy of Fascism, chapters 5 and 6, or Ian Kershaw, Hitler, chapters 3-6, or Ian Kershaw, Hitler, 1936-1945: Nemesis, “1936: Hitler Triumphant,” and chapters 1 and 3
France: the Hollow Years?
Eugen Weber, The Hollow Years, chapters 1, 2, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10, or Nathanael Greene, From Versailles to Vichy: The Third French Republic, 1919-1940 [Olin Library], or Marc Bloch, The Strange Defeat [Olin Library]
The Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939
The Anatomy of Fascism, sections concerned with Spain, and, to be arranged
on the afternoon of this day, the film To Die in Madrid, and
Origins of the Second World War: Chamberlain and daladier/Hitler and mussolini
J. P. Taylor, The Origins of the Second World War, or Ian Kershaw, Hitler, 1936-1945: Nemesis, chapters 2, 4 and 5, or R. J. B. Bosworth, Mussolini, chapters 14 and 15
The Second World War: Collaboration and Resistance
The Anatomy of Fascism, chapter 6, and
Chirac, excerpts from speech in 1995, and Philippe Pétain, excerpts from
trial, 1945 [to be distributed] and
Excerpts from the film “The Sorrow and the Pity,” to be shown at the beginning of class.
Europe in 1945 and Conclusions.
|Suggested Bibliography for Reference|
Participants and Observers:
General Franco and the Nationalists:
Socialism, Communism, and Anarchism: