SOCS 634
Social and Political Transformation: A History of Europe Since 1900

Nathanael Greene              

Books

The following books are available for purchase at Broad Street Books in Middletown.  Copies are also available at Olin Library, but are not on reserve. Browse frequently in the Olin collection; occasionally you may choose to substitute for the required readings with choices of your own on the same subject.

Tom Buchanan, Europe’s Troubled Peace, 1945-2000 (Blackwell)

Charles Cogan, Charles de Gaulle (St. Martin's)

Robert Paxton, The Anatomy of Fascism (Knopf)

Robin Winks, Europe, Crisis and Conflict (Oxford)

Optional Texts:

James Joll, The Origins of the First World War (Longman)

Martin Kitchen, Europe Between the Wars (Blackwell)

Martin Malia, The Soviet Tragedy (Simon & Schuster)

A.J.P. Taylor, The Origins of the Second World War (Simon & Schuster)

Documents:

A documentary collection can be found on “Blackboard.” You can download and print the documents noted under readings for several class sessions.

Examination Papers

Two take-home examination papers will be required. Each should be approximately five to six printed pages, double-spaced, exclusive of endnotes.  The first paper will be due on Wednesday, July 12 at the beginning of class; the second will be due on Monday, August 7 . The questions will be handed out a week prior to the date the examination papers are due.

Schedule of Classes and Readings

For a few classes there are several readings suggested, and you may choose one or more of them. Please be sure to read all of the documents listed.

June 26 Introduction
June 28

European Society and Politics, 1900-1914

Robin Winks, Europe, Crisis and Conflict, chapters 1 and 2
Robert Paxton,  The Anatomy of Fascism, chapters 1 and 2

            Document A, Walter Bagehot, “The English Constitution”
            Document B, The Prince Consort, “The Great Exhibition 1851”
            Document C, Winston Churchill on Progress
            Document D, David Lloyd George in 1908
            Document E, Keir Hardie on Socialism
            Document F, Jean Jaurès, “Discours à la Jeunesse”
            Document G, Syndicalism in France
           Document H, Marinetti: The Founding and Manifesto of Futurism

July 3

World War I: Origins, Struggles, and Impact.

            Robin Winks, Europe, Crisis and Conflict, chapter 3
            James Joll, The Origins of the First World War
            Robert Paxton, The Anatomy of Fascism, chapter 2           

July 5

The Russian Revolution

            Sheila Fitzpatrick, The Russian Revolution, chapters 1 and 2, or
           
Martin Malia, The Soviet Tragedy, chapters 1-4
            Document 0, “A statement by Lenin”

July 10

The Soviet Union under Lenin and Stalin

            Sheila Fitzpatrick, The Russian Revolution, chapters 3-6, or   
Martin Malia, The Soviet Tragedy, chapters 5-8, or
Martin Kitchen, Europe Between the Wars, chapter 6
            Document 1, “Stalin’s speech at Lenin’s Funeral and 1931 Speech”
            Document 1A, “A comment on Stalin by Citizen Andreyeva”

July 12

** PAPER DUE, 9 A.M.**

The Treaty of Versailles. Fascist Italy

Martin Kitchen, Europe Between the Wars, chapters 1, 2, and 8, or
Robin Winks, Europe, Crisis and Conflict, chapter 4
Robert Paxton, The Anatomy of Fascism, chapters 1, 3, and 4
Document 2, Benito Mussolini,  “Political and Social Doctrine of Fascism”
Document 3, “Gabrielle d’Annunzio, 1915”

July 17

Hitler and Nazi Germany

Film: “Triumph of the Will,” to be shown at the beginning of class.
Martin Kitchen, Europe Between the Wars, chapters 9 and 13, or
Robin Winks, Europe, Crisis and Conflict, chapter 4
Robert Paxton, The Anatomy of Fascism, chapter 5

July 19

Appeasement and the Origins of World War II 

Martin Kitchen, Europe Between the Wars, chapters 10-12,14, or
Robin Winks, Europe, Crisis and Conflict, chapter 5
            A. J. P. Taylor, The Origins of the Second World War
            Document 4, “Léon Blum and the Popular Front in France”
            Document 5, “Jacques Doriot and Fascism in France”
            Document 6, “Manifesto of Generalissimo Francisco Franco”
            Document 7, General Millan Astray, “Long Live Death!”
            Document 8, Neville Chamberlain, “In Search of Peace”

July 24

War, Collaboration, Resistance, and Liberation, 1940-1945

            Tom Buchanan, Europe’s Troubled Peace, 1945-2000, chapter 1
            Robert Paxton, The Anatomy of Fascism, chapter 6
Charles Cogan, Charles de Gaulle, chapters 1, 2, and 6
Document 9, The Fall of France and the Vichy Regime
Document 10, General de Gaulle, (a) from his memoirs, and (b) at the Liberation of Paris, 1944
Document 11, André Malraux, “When the French Lived in Darkness

July 26

Reconstruction and Renaissance, 1945-1958

            Tom Buchanan, Europe’s Troubled Peace, 1945-2000, chapters 2, 3, and 4
            Document 12, Aneurin Bevan, “A National Health Service”
            Document 13, The Labour Party, “Let Us face the Future”

July 31

Western Europe, 1958-2000
            Tom Buchanan, Europe’s Troubled Peace, 1945-2000, chapters 5, 7, 8, 9, and 11
            Charles Cogan, Charles de Gaulle, chapters 3-5, 7-9

August 2

Eastern Europe: The Long Collapse of Communism

            Martin Malia, The Soviet Tragedy,  chapters 9-13, or
            Tom Buchanan, Europe’s Troubled Peace, 1945-2000, chapters 6 and 10

August 7

PAPER DUE, 9 A. M.

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